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Influence of denture wearing on a mini-mental state examination(MMSE-K) in the elderly

노인들의 의치 사용이 MMSE-K 점수에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2015.12.30
  • Accepted : 2016.04.12
  • Published : 2016.04.30

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to investigate the association between denture wearing and dementia using a Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-K) in the community dwelling elderly. Methods: The study subjects were 184 community dwelling elderly using Korean version of mini-mental state examination(MMSE-K). The variables included the general characteristics of the subjects, denture earing, number of mastication tooth, subjective mastication ability, and MMSE(dementia). Denture wearing was divided into two groups of the natural dentition including the fixed prosthesis and removable denture including the complete and/or partial denture. The data were analyzed by ${\chi}^2$ test, t-test, and binary logistic regression using SPSS version 22.0 program. Logistic regression was used to analyze the association of MMSE-K score and denture wearing, and 95% confidence interval was calculated. The subjective mastication ability was measured by Likert 5 points scale. Dementia was measured by MMSE-K. Results: There was a significant association between MMSE-K score and denture wearing. The odds ratio(OR) of denture waering was 6.01(95% CI: 2.824-12.784). After adjusting the age, gender, residence and education, OR was 5.53(95% CI: 2.364-12.935). Conclusions: This study showed a significant association between MMSE-K score and denture wearing in the Korean elderly.

Keywords

dementia;denture;elderly;subjective mastication ability

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