A Study on the Marital Relationship Enhancement Programs: Focused on Participation Motivation, Education Satisfaction, Positive Behavioral Intention

부부 관계 향상 프로그램에 대한 연구: 참여 동기, 교육 만족도, 긍정적 행동의도를 중심으로

  • Lee, Eun-Young (Department of Family & Resource Management, Sookmyung Women's University) ;
  • Chang, Jin Kyung (Department of Family & Resource Management, Sookmyung Women's University)
  • 이은영 (숙명여자대학교 가족자원경영학과) ;
  • 장진경 (숙명여자대학교 가족자원경영학과)
  • Received : 2015.12.23
  • Accepted : 2016.01.21
  • Published : 2016.04.30


This study analyzes the correlations of participation motivation, education satisfaction, and positive behavioral intention for participants in marriage enrichment programs. The survey response results for 193 participants in marriage enrichment programs were analyzed with the statistics analysis application IBM SPSS 20.0. The findings of this study are as follows. An examination of relative influence of participation motivation and education satisfaction with the positive behavioral intention of participants in marriage enrichment programs indicated that internal motivation had a positive influence on education satisfaction, external motivation had a negative influence on satisfaction for facility environment and satisfaction with employee service, and motivation had positive influence only on facility environment. An examination of the influence of participation motivation and education satisfaction with the positive behavioral intention of the participants in marriage enrichment programs indicated that internal motivation and external motivation had a high positive influence on positive behavioral intention. However, motivation did not have a significant influence on behavior after participation. In education satisfaction, satisfaction with content, satisfaction with instructor, and satisfaction with employee service had a positive influence on positive behavioral intention, however, satisfaction with facility environment had negative influence on positive behavioral intention.


  1. Ahn, C. H., & Kim, J. Y. (2008). Self-esteem, marital communication, family cohesion and adaptability, and conflicts resolution strategies. Korean Journal of Family Therapy, 16 (2), 95-114.
  2. Amato, P. R. (2000). The consequences of divorce for adults and children. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62 (4), 1269-1287.
  3. An, J. Y. (2012). A study on relationship between self-determination motivation and stress to the korean learners (Unpublished master's thesis). Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Seoul, Korea.
  4. Bahr, S. J. (1989). Family interaction. New York, NY: Macmillan.
  5. Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84 (2), 191-215.
  6. Bang, S. S., & Jang, B. I. (2003). Social welfare approach for divorce increase. The Journal of Pubic Welfare Administration, 13 (1), 160-175.
  7. Baucom, D. H., & Hoffman, J. A. (1986). The effectiveness of marital, therapy: Current status and application to the clinical setting. In N. S. Jacobson & A. S. Gurman (Eds.), Clinical handbook of marital therapy (pp. 597-620). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  8. Bitner, M. J. (1990). Evaluating service encounters: The effects of physical surroundings and employee responses. Journal of Marketing, 54 (2), 69-82.
  9. Bouchard, G., Lee, C. M., Asgary, V., & Pelletier, L. (2007). Fathers' motivation for involvement with their children: A self-determination theory perspective. Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research, and Practice about Men as Fathers, 5 (1), 25-41.
  10. Bu, H. O. (2006). The effects of the ME program on problem solving behaviors of marital and efficiency of problem solving (Unpublished master's thesis). Jeju University of Education, Jeju, Korea.
  11. Cabrera, A. F., Nora, A., & Castaneda, M. B. (1993). College persistence: Structural equations modeling test of an integrated model of student retention. The Journal of Higher Education, 64 (2), 123-139.
  12. Cha, D. H. (2014). Analysis on the latent classes of paternal motivation-involvement and their determinants (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  13. Choi, U. S. (1986). Analysis of educational participation characteristics by the adult educational programs in Korea (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
  14. Day, R. L. (1980). Research perspectives on consumer complaining behavior. In: C. W. Lamb, Jr. & P. M. Dunne (Eds.), Theoretical developments in marketing (pp. 211-215). Chicago, IL: American Marketing Association.
  15. Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York, NY: Plenum Press.
  16. Egan, J. (2005). Relationship marketing: Exploring relational strategies in marketing. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  17. Engel, J. F., Blackwell, R. D., & Miniard, P. W. (1995). Consumer behavior. Fort Worth, TX: Dryden.
  18. Ha, Y. J. (2001). The effects of parents' fostering attitude and youth's self-concept to emotional intelligence (Unpublished master's thesis). Catholic University of Daegu, Gyeongsan, Korea.
  19. Han, S. H. (2003). The relationship between motivation for life-long education and self-directed learning among adult learners. Journal of Lifelong Education, 9 (3), 225-246.
  20. Hong, H. S., & Yoo, D. K. (1996). A study on the word-of-mouth communication of health care consumer. Journal of Hotel and Tourism Management, 11, 67-87.
  21. Houle, C. O. (1961). The inquiring mind: A study of the adult who continues to learn. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
  22. Hur, S. J. (2012). The effects of characteristics of individual and institute on choice intentions to lifelong educational institute. Journal of Lifelong Education, 18 (1), 79-109.
  23. Hwang, J. I., Ham, K. A., & Cheon, S. M. (2014). A study on the effects of parents' couple conflicts on marriage stability: The mediating effects of coping methods for couple conflicts. The Journal of Humanities, (36), 381-405.
  24. Hwang, S. S. (2012). Actor and partner effects of marital commitment on commitment behavior, marital conflict, and satisfaction (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea.
  25. Hyun, Y. S., & Kim, K. H. (2008). The effects of marketing factors on the quality of educational services and learners' satisfaction: Testing a latent growth model. Journal of Lifelong Education, 14 (2), 31-59.
  26. Jacobson, N. S., & Addis, M. E. (1993). Research on couples and couple therapy: What do we know? Where are we going? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61 (1), 85-93.
  27. Jone, M. S. (2013). The influence of the participant motivation type on elderly's lifelong education for the successful aging: Mediating effect of educational satisfaction (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Hoseo University, Seoul, Korea.
  28. Jung, J. (2013). Effects of senior welfare center life-long education program learners' participation motivation and satisfaction on the continuance participation intention (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea.
  29. Jung, K. S. (2011). An analysis of satisfaction factors of study based on educational service quality and adult student's motivation of learning. The Journal of Lifelong Education and HRD, 7 (2), 1-22.
  30. Jung, Y. R., & Cha, S. B. (2009). Relationship between spa users' satisfaction factors and their future behavioral intention. Korean Journal of Tourism Research, 24 (5), 341-357.
  31. Kang, Y. A. (2009). A qualitative study on the experience of participating in pre-marital program for preliminary couple (Unpublished master's thesis). Soongsil University, Seoul, Korea.
  32. Kim, A. (2002, April). Taxonomy of student motivation. Paper presented at the annual Conference of America Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA, USA.
  33. Kim, A. Y. (2002). Validation of taxonomy of academic motivation based on the self-determination theory. The Korean Journal of Educational Psychology, 16 (4), 169-187.
  34. Kim, A. Y. (2010). Academic motivation. Seoul: Hakjisa.
  35. Kim, C. W. (2004). The influence of sport tourism's participation motivation and destination attributes evaluation on reparticipation and switching intention (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Keimyung University, Daegu, Korea.
  36. Kim, H. H. (2011). A study on influence of motivation to participate in cultural physical education on class satisfaction and the intention to participate again (Unpublished master's thesis). Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
  37. Kim, J. M. (2011). Satir's transformational systemic therapy for marital enhancement. Korean Journal of Family Therapy, 19 (2), 19-40.
  38. Kim, J. Y. (2013). The moderating effects of the relationship marketing between the participating motives and intention of continuance of learners in lifelong education institute (Unpublished master's thesis). Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
  39. Kim, K. J. (2009). The Influence of participation motivation and life styles on leisure satisfaction, leisure flow and self-esteem of college students (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Korea.
  40. Kim, M. S. (1999). Effects of marriage encounter program (Unpublished master's thesis). The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
  41. Kim, M. S., Won, Y. H., Lee, H. S., & Jang, H. K. (2005). Recent divorce trend in korea and policy measures for the divorced families. Sejong: Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs.
  42. Kim, S., & Park, J. (2013). A study on evaluating the family life education program for newly married couples: Focusing on healthy family support centers. Journal of Korean Family Resource Management Association, 17 (3), 19-37.
  43. Kim, S. B. (2007). The cause and effect relationship of their flow experience and mental health according to golf participants' participation motives and participation degrees (Unpublished master's thesis). Hallym University, Chuncheon, Korea.
  44. Kim, S. H., & Choi, H. K. (2007). A conceptual framework for marital education program evaluation tool development. Journal of Family Relations, 12 (1), 191-236.
  45. Kim, S. K., & Lee, K. H. (2010). A study on the validation of marital relationship inventory for effect verification of married couples education program. The Journal of Lifelong Education and HRD, 6 (1), 179-195.
  46. Kim, Y. H., Han, E. J., & Bang, H. B. (2006). A study on the needs and effect of family education program in the community: The case of a project by Seoul Dongjakgu Family Healthy Support Center. Chung Ang Journal of Human Ecology, 23, 89-101.
  47. Ko, S. H. (2011). A relationship between internal motivation and positive thinking from Taekwondo practice of child (Unpublished master's thesis). Korea National Sport University, Seoul, Korea.
  48. Kwon, I. T. (2013). The effect of adult learners' participative motivation on their program satisfaction and happiness according to university continuing education programs. The Journal of Educational Research, 11 (3), 139-164.
  49. Kwon, S. R., Lee, S. H., Sin, J. Y., & Cheon, S. M. (2012). Psychological independent, self-differentiation, and conflict solution strategy of married couple influencing marriage satisfaction. The Korean Journal of East West Mind Science, 15 (1), 27-42.
  50. Lee, B. K. (2011). The influences of educational satisfaction and self-efficacy in continuous participating intention by participants of civil servants physical education programs (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.
  51. Lee, D. R., & Rhee, S. S. (2002). Factors affecting campus life satisfaction of students: Focusing on customer satisfaction view. Korean Business Review, 15, 1-24.
  52. Lee, D. S. (2006). Marital growth program for middle-aged couples (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Sungshin Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
  53. Lee, E. J. (2003). Studies in the satisfaction degree of middle-aged couple relationship and the need of couple education and crisis (Unpublished master's thesis). Jeju National University, Jeju, Korea.
  54. Lee, G. S. (2011). A study on the lasting effectiveness of a lifelong education program for the improvement of marital relationship: The case of the marriage encounter (ME) program (Unpublished master's thesis). Duksung Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
  55. Lee, H. S. (2011). A study on educational satisfying degree of participants in the lifelong educators training program (Unpublished master's thesis). Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
  56. Lee, K. H. (2010). A participation motivation and satisfaction of continuing education programs in urban type and urban-rural complex type elderly welfare center (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.
  57. Lee, M. S. (2010). Study on the relationship among participation satisfaction, flow, life satisfaction and according to the participation motivation of dance activity (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea.
  58. Lee, N. O., Choi, S. M., Cho, H., Kwon, J. H., Oh, H. J., & Jung, J. S. (2011). Characteristics of clients visiting marital counseling center and client factors associated with premature termination of marital therapy. The Korean Journal of Counseling and Psychotherapy, 23 (3), 543-575.
  59. Lee, S. A. (2012). A study on the effect of motivation of participation and patient of stress parental attitudes of the change in parent education program (Unpublished master's thesis). Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
  60. Lee, S. S. (2003). The relationship among participation motivation, commitment experience, class satisfaction of cultural physical education in college student's (Unpublished master's thesis). Dankook University, Seoul, Korea.
  61. Li, K. H. (2003). A study on learner' motive of participation and satisfying degree in the program for lifelong education: With lifelong education by government and public offices in the center (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Daegu University, Gyeongsan, Korea.
  62. Lim, J. H. (2011). Research on constraints, motivation, perceived value, and post-behavior of maritime sports (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Pukyong National University, Busan, Korea.
  63. Lim, S. E. (1996). A study on the effect of marriage encounter program on marital satisfaction (Unpublished master's thesis). Sungshin Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
  64. Lim, Y. H., An, J. Y., & Kwon, I. T. (2012). Structural relationships of adult learners' participative motivation, program satisfaction, and their happiness at university based lifelong education centers. Journal of Korean HRD Research, 7 (1), 5-66.
  65. Lorenz, F. O., Simons, R. L., Conger, R. D., Elder, G. H., Jr., Johnson, C., & Chao, W. (1997). Married and recently divorced mothers' stressful events and distress: Tracing change across time. Journal of Marriage and Family, 59 (1), 219-232.
  66. Metzner, B. S., & Bean, J. P. (1987). The estimation of a conceptual model of nontraditional undergraduate student attrition. Research in Higher Education, 27 (1), 15-38.
  67. Miller, S., Nunnally, E. W., & Wackman, D. B. (1971). Minnesota couples communication program (MCCP): Premarital and marital groups. In D. H. L. Olson (Ed.), Treating relationship (pp. 21-29). Lake Mills, IA: Graphic Publishing.
  68. Moon, S. H. (2009). The Research on development and effectiveness in enrichment program for conjugal relationship to prevent the conflict and to provide the solution: Focus on family therapy and christian spirituality (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Kyonggi University, Suwon, Korea.
  69. Nam, Y. (2003). Sexual meaning types and marital satisfaction of the married in their 30s and 40s (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
  70. Newsis. (2008, May 24). Korea, land of divorce. Becoming one rather than strangers: Issues and suggestions on divorce. JoongAng Ilbo. Retrieved November 25, 2015, from
  71. Park, J. Y. (2009). Development of a couple communication program for the middle aged: Based on Gottman's sound marital house model (Unpublished master's thesis). Hannam University, Daejeon, Korea.
  72. Park, K. J. (1981). A study of the influence of marital communication on the home management and the happiness of home life (Unpublished master's thesis). Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
  73. Park, M. J. (1998). Analysis of relationship between patterns of motivation for participation to study and level of preparation for self-directed learning at Korea National Open University (Unpublished master's thesis). Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
  74. Park, N. S. (2001). Development of the marital relationship enhancement program for couples (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.
  75. Park, R. Y. (2008). Casual relationship among participation motivation, lifestyle, service quality and post purchase behavior of dancesport (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea.
  76. Park, T. J. (2004). Study of the motivating factors of participation in marathon competition that affects the participants' satisfaction and intention of reparticipation (Unpublished master's thesis). Jeju University, Jeju, Korea.
  77. Park, Y. S. (2010). The study of satisfaction factors of university education services (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
  78. Perry, S. R., Cabrera, A. F., & Vogt, W. P. (1999). Career maturity and college student persistence. Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 1 (1), 41-58.
  79. Ruben, B. D. (1995). The quality approach in higher education: Context and concepts for change. In B. D. Ruben (Ed.), Quality in higher education (pp. 1-34). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers.
  80. Ryu, S., & Cho, H. (2015). The effect of marital conflict on marital satisfaction: The mediating effect of dysfunctional communication behavior and moderating effect of self-compassion. The Korean Journal of Health Psychology, 20 (1), 213-233.
  81. Ryu, Y. M. (1999). A study on the analysis of determinants of intramural sport activity adherence (Unpublished master's thesis). Kongju National University, Gongju, Korea.
  82. Seoul Healthy Family Support Center. (2015). Family empowerment services. Retrieved Novermber 20, 2015, from
  83. Shin, S. Y., & Kwon, S. Y. (2012). Importance-satisfaction analysis for improving student satisfaction in university. The Journal of Research in Education, 45, 55-85.
  84. Smith, D. H., & Offerman, M. J. (1989). The management of adult and continuing education. In S. B. Merriam & P. M. Cunningham (Eds.), Handbook of adult and continuing education (pp. 246-259). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-bass Publishers.
  85. Son, S., & Kye, S. J. (2014). Family strengths and program needs of Seoul local healthy family support center participants. Journal of Korean Home Management Association, 32 (6), 19-30.
  86. Song, J. J. (2015). SPSS/AMOS statistical method. Paju: 21 Segisa.
  87. Song, M. J. (2012). A meta-analysis on the effects of group program of improving conjugal relationship (Unpublished master's thesis). Kyungsung University, Busan, Korea.
  88. Song, S. H. (2000). Review of approaches for designing motivationally adaptive web-based instruction. Journal of Educational Technology, 16 (2), 37-53.
  89. Song, T. J., Bae, M. G., & Kim, K. B. (2005). Suicide, divorce, crime and economy. Seoul: LG Economic Research Institute.
  90. Song, Y. R. (1989). A study on the relations between marriage encounter and married couples' communication types and marriage satisfaction (Unpublished master's thesis). Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
  91. Sung, J. H. (2003). Analysis of attitude of middle and high school students toward physical training (Unpublished master's thesis). Korea National University of Education, Cheongju, Korea.
  92. Thomas, S. L. (2000). Ties that bind: A social network approach to understanding student integration and persistence. The Journal of Higher Education, 71 (5), 591-615.
  93. Yang, Y. S. (2008). Mediating effects of empathy and forgiveness on the relationship between marital conflicts and psychological maladjustment (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul, Korea.
  94. Yang, Y. S., & Kim, B. W. (2009). Mediating effects of empathy and forgiveness on the relationship between marital conflicts and psychological maladjustment. Korea Journal of Counseling, 10 (2), 683-699.
  95. Yeo, E. S. (2009). Is amotivation of SDT reality or myth in academic settings? Focusing on the goal orientations and task value (Unpublished master's thesis). Korea National University of Education, Cheongju, Korea.
  96. Yoo, D. K. (2014). Relationship of participants' motive, selection, attribute, level of satisfaction, and post-purchase behavior in marine leisure sports (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Kookmin University, Seoul, Korea.
  97. Yoon, H. (2010). The structural relationship among the factors related to persistence intention in cyber university (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
  98. Yu, J. S. (2011). A study of the effects of motive, expectation and satisfaction upon the participation level of the students of the advanced course for bachelor of dental hygiene (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Hannam University, Daejeon, Korea.
  99. Yun, H. K., & Lee, S. H. (2000). The relationships among spouse's similarity of MBTI psychological types and marital communication, marital satisfaction. The Journal of the Korea Academy of Psychological Type, 7, 1-21.
  100. Zimmerman, A. R. (1978). The effects and effectiveness of a communication-oriented workshop in marital conflict resolution. Dissertation Abstracts International, 39 (6-A), 3228-3229.