Vocal Range of Older Adults in Comparison with Young Adults Depending on the Presence of Pitch Cues

음정제시 유무에 따른 노인과 성인의 음역대 비교

  • 홍혜진 (이화여자대학교 음악치료학과) ;
  • 김수지 (이화여자대학교 교육대학원 음악치료교육전공)
  • Received : 2015.10.21
  • Accepted : 2015.12.29
  • Published : 2016.04.28


The purpose of this study was to compare the vocal range between the older and young adults depending on the absence and presence of pitch cues. Participants were 44 older adults aged from 60 to 85 years and 59 college students aged from 19 to 25 years. Each participant was instructed to vocalize for examining the possible highest pitch to the lowest pitch in two conditions; with and without pitch cues. Without pitch cues, the maximum and minimum pitch of male participants was higher in the older adults than in the young adults group, while the minimum pitch of females was lower in the older adults group than in the young adults group. When presented with pitch cues, young adults could expand their vocal range, but the older adults showed no significant changes in produced vocal ranges. The results indicate that the range of voice in older adults may be affected by aging and these results can be beneficial when selecting the appropriate range of song for singing activities with older adults.


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