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Development of Three-Dimensional Trajectory Model for Detecting Source Region of the Radioactive Materials Released into the Atmosphere

대기 누출 방사성물질 선원 위치 추적을 위한 3차원 궤적모델 개발

  • Suh, Kyung-Suk (Nuclear Environmental Safety Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Park, Kihyun (Nuclear Environmental Safety Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Min, Byung-Il (Nuclear Environmental Safety Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Sora (Nuclear Environmental Safety Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Yang, Byung-Mo (Nuclear Environmental Safety Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute)
  • Received : 2015.11.23
  • Accepted : 2016.02.25
  • Published : 2016.03.31

Abstract

Background: It is necessary to consider the overall countermeasure for analysis of nuclear activities according to the increase of the nuclear facilities like nuclear power and reprocessing plants in the neighboring countries including China, Taiwan, North Korea, Japan and South Korea. South Korea and comprehensive nuclear-test-ban treaty organization (CTBTO) are now operating the monitoring instruments to detect radionuclides released into the air. It is important to estimate the origin of radionuclides measured using the detection technology as well as the monitoring analysis in aspects of investigation and security of the nuclear activities in neighboring countries. Materials and methods: A three-dimensional forward/backward trajectory model has been developed to estimate the origin of radionuclides for a covert nuclear activity. The developed trajectory model was composed of forward and backward modules to track the particle positions using finite difference method. Results and discussion: A three-dimensional trajectory model was validated using the measured data at Chernobyl accident. The calculated results showed a good agreement by using the high concentration measurements and the locations where was near a release point. The three-dimensional trajectory model had some uncertainty according to the release time, release height and time interval of the trajectory at each release points. An atmospheric dispersion model called long-range accident dose assessment system (LADAS), based on the fields of regards (FOR) technique, was applied to reduce the uncertainties of the trajectory model and to improve the detective technology for estimating the radioisotopes emission area. Conclusion: The detective technology developed in this study can evaluate in release area and origin for covert nuclear activities based on measured radioisotopes at monitoring stations, and it might play critical tool to improve the ability of the nuclear safety field.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단, 한국원자력안전재단

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