- Volume 29 Issue 6
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Effects of Rumen Protozoa of Brahman Heifers and Nitrate on Fermentation and In vitro Methane Production
- Nguyen, S.H. (School of Environmental and Rural Sciences, University of New England) ;
- Li, L. (School of Environmental and Rural Sciences, University of New England) ;
- Hegarty, R.S. (School of Environmental and Rural Sciences, University of New England)
- Received : 2015.07.30
- Accepted : 2015.12.22
- Published : 2016.06.01
Two experiments were conducted assessing the effects of presence or absence of rumen protozoa and dietary nitrate addition on rumen fermentation characteristics and in vitro methane production in Brahman heifers. The first experiment assessed changes in rumen fermentation pattern and in vitro methane production post-refaunation and the second experiment investigated whether addition of nitrate to the incubation would give rise to methane mitigation additional to that contributed by defaunation. Ten Brahman heifers were progressively adapted to a diet containing 4.5% coconut oil distillate for 18 d and then all heifers were defaunated using sodium 1-(2-sulfonatooxyethoxy) dodecane (Empicol). After 15 d, the heifers were given a second dose of Empicol. Fifteen days after the second dosing, all heifers were allocated to defaunated or refaunated groups by stratified randomisation, and the experiment commenced (d 0). On d 0, an oral dose of rumen fluid collected from unrelated faunated cattle was used to inoculate 5 heifers and form a refaunated group so that the effects of re-establishment of protozoa on fermentation characteristics could be investigated. Samples of rumen fluid collected from each animal using oesophageal intubation before feeding on d 0, 7, 14, and 21 were incubated for in vitro methane production. On d 35, 2% nitrate (as
Defaunation;Refaunation;Nitrate;Fermentation and Methane Production
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