Estimation of Genetic Parameters for First Lactation Monthly Test-day Milk Yields using Random Regression Test Day Model in Karan Fries Cattle

  • Singh, Ajay (Dairy Cattle Breeding Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute) ;
  • Singh, Avtar (Dairy Cattle Breeding Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute) ;
  • Singh, Manvendra (Dairy Cattle Breeding Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute) ;
  • Prakash, Ved (Division of Animal Genetics, CSWRI) ;
  • Ambhore, G.S. (Dairy Cattle Breeding Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute) ;
  • Sahoo, S.K. (Dairy Cattle Breeding Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute) ;
  • Dash, Soumya (Dairy Cattle Breeding Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute)
  • Received : 2015.08.01
  • Accepted : 2015.11.23
  • Published : 2016.06.01


A single trait linear mixed random regression test-day model was applied for the first time for analyzing the first lactation monthly test-day milk yield records in Karan Fries cattle. The test-day milk yield data was modeled using a random regression model (RRM) considering different order of Legendre polynomial for the additive genetic effect (4th order) and the permanent environmental effect (5th order). Data pertaining to 1,583 lactation records spread over a period of 30 years were recorded and analyzed in the study. The variance component, heritability and genetic correlations among test-day milk yields were estimated using RRM. RRM heritability estimates of test-day milk yield varied from 0.11 to 0.22 in different test-day records. The estimates of genetic correlations between different test-day milk yields ranged 0.01 (test-day 1 [TD-1] and TD-11) to 0.99 (TD-4 and TD-5). The magnitudes of genetic correlations between test-day milk yields decreased as the interval between test-days increased and adjacent test-day had higher correlations. Additive genetic and permanent environment variances were higher for test-day milk yields at both ends of lactation. The residual variance was observed to be lower than the permanent environment variance for all the test-day milk yields.


Test-day Milk Yield;Random Regression Model;Heritability;Genetic Correlation;Karan Fries Cattle


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