DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Students' Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Smoke-Free Universities: Changes Since Enactment of Vietnamese Tobacco Control Legislation

  • Nguyen, Ngoc Bich (Hanoi School of Public Health) ;
  • Cook, Margaret (The University of Queensland) ;
  • Johnstone, Kelly (The University of Queensland) ;
  • Capra, Mike (The University of Queensland) ;
  • Vu, Thi Hoang Lan (Hanoi School of Public Health)
  • Published : 2016.04.14

Abstract

Background: In 2013, legislation in Vietnam regulated smoking in public areas. Included was a ban on indoor smoking at universities. Objective: Since awareness and attitude are moderators of the effectiveness of smoke-free policy, ou aim was to assess changes in students' knowledge and attitude tosecond hand smoke (SHS) and awareness and support of smoke-free legislation at four Vietnamese universities, one year after legislative changes. Methods: A two-phase cross sectional study of undergraduate students using self-administered questionnaires (based on the Global Adult Tobacco Survey and the Thrasher survey) was conducted at the introduction of the legislation and one year thereafter. Results: One-year post legislation there were significant increases in knowledge of smoke-free legislation and awareness of universities as smoke-free environments. There was a significant increase in knowledge of harmful effects of SHS on diseases such as examples in the heart and lung, including lung cancer, and miscarriage. Students expressed strong support of smoke-free environments in universities, hospitals, schools, workplaces, public transport, libraries, cinemas and theatres; support was also increased post legislation. Changes were seen in attitude to SHS, and rights of non-smokers and smokers. Conclusions: Positive changes have occurred in knowledge and attitude toward smoke-free environments and SHS in universities since enactment of Vietnamese tobacco control legislation.

Keywords

Smoke-free environment;university;undergraduate students;knowledge;attitude

References

  1. Almutairi KM (2014). Attitudes of students and employees towards the implementation of a totally smoke free university campus policy at King Saud University in Saudi Arabia: a cross sectional baseline study on smoking behavior following the implementation of policy. J Community Health, 39, 894-900. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-014-9893-z
  2. Burns S, Jancey J, Bowser N, et al (2013). Moving forward: a cross sectional baseline study of staff and student attitudes towards a totally smoke free university campus. BMC Public Health, 13.
  3. Corsun DL, A.Young C, A.Enz C (1996). Should NYC's restaurateurs lighten up? Effects of the city's smoke-free-air act. Restaurant Management, 37, 25-33.
  4. Government (2000). Resolution No. 12/2000/NQ-CP on National Tobacco Control Policies in the period 2000-2010.
  5. Government (2009). Decision 1315/QD-TTg National Plan for WHO FCTC implementation.
  6. Lal A, Siahpush M, Scollo M (2004). The economic impact of smoke-free legislation on sales turnover in restaurants and pubs in Tasmania. Tobacco Control, 13, 454-5. https://doi.org/10.1136/tc.2003.005843
  7. Mather CD, Lonca D (2006). Projections of global mortality and burden of disease from 2002 to 2030. PLOS Med, 3, 2011-30.
  8. MOH (2010). Global Adult Tobacco Survey Vietnam. Ministry of Health.
  9. Mons U, Nagelhout GE, Allwright S, et al (2012). Impact of national smoke-free legislation on home smoking bans: findings from the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project Europe Surveys. Tobacco Control, 22, e2-9.
  10. WHO (2012a). Global report - mortality attributable to tobacco. World Health Organisation, Geneva.