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Trends in Second-Hand Tobacco Smoke Exposure Levels at Home among Viet Nam School Children Aged 13-15 and Associated Factors

  • Nguyen, Tuan Lam (World Health Organization Office in Viet Nam) ;
  • Pham, Thi Quynh Nga (World Health Organization Office in Viet Nam) ;
  • Hoang, Van Minh (Hanoi School of Public Health) ;
  • Kim, Bao Giang (Hanoi Medical University) ;
  • Phan, Thi Hai (Vietnam Steering Committee on Smoking and Health (VINACOSH)) ;
  • Doan, Thu Huyen (Vietnam Steering Committee on Smoking and Health (VINACOSH)) ;
  • Nguyen, Thuy Linh (Vietnam Steering Committee on Smoking and Health (VINACOSH)) ;
  • Duong, Khanh Van (The International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases) ;
  • Luong, Ngoc Khue (Vietnam Steering Committee on Smoking and Health (VINACOSH))
  • Published : 2016.04.14

Abstract

Second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure at home, especially among children, is a serious issue in Viet Nam. During the past decade, much effort has been taken for tobacco control in the country, including various prgorammes aiming to reduce SHS exposure among adults and children. This article analysed trends and factors associated with SHS exposure at home among school children aged 13-15 in Viet Nam, using the Global Youth Tobacco Surveys conducted in 2007 and 2014. Descriptive and inferential statistical methods with logistic regression were applied. Overall, there was a significant reduction in the level of exposure, from 58.5% (95%CI: 57.6-59.3) in 2007 to 47.1% (95%CI: 45.4-48.8) in 2014. Of the associated factors, having one or both parents smoking was significantly associated with the highest odds of SHS exposure at home (OR=5.0; 95%CI: 4.2-6.1). Conversely, having a mother with a college or higher education level was found to be a protective factor (OR=0.5; 95%CI: 0.3-0.8).

Keywords

Global Youth Tobacco Use survey;secondhand tobacco smoke;parental smoking;Viet Nam

References

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