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Tobacco Access and Availability for Vietnamese School Children (aged 13-15): Results from the Global Youth Tobacco Use Survey (GYTS) 2014 in Viet Nam

  • Le, Thi Kim Anh (Hanoi School of Public Health) ;
  • Bui, Thi Tu Quyen (Hanoi School of Public Health) ;
  • Hoang, Van Minh (Hanoi School of Public Health) ;
  • Kim, Bao Giang (Hanoi Medical University) ;
  • Phan, Thi Hai (Vietnam Steering Committee on Smoking and Health (VINACOSH)) ;
  • Doan, Thu Huyen (Vietnam Steering Committee on Smoking and Health (VINACOSH)) ;
  • Luong, Ngoc Khue (Vietnam Steering Committee on Smoking and Health (VINACOSH)) ;
  • Nguyen, Tuan Lam (World Health Organization Office in Viet Nam) ;
  • Pham, Thi Quynh Nga (World Health Organization Office in Viet Nam)
  • Published : 2016.04.14

Abstract

Efforts to reduce tobacco use among school children need to be based on understanding of access to cigarettes by these subjects because previous studies indicated that enforcement of laws for controlling tobacco sales seems to not affect teen/school children because they can obtain cigarettes from different sources. This paper aims to describe access to and availability of cigarettes among school students (aged 13-15 years old) according to the data from GYTS Vietnam 2014. In GYTS, a national school-based survey of students of grades 8-10, our findings showed that about 15% school children are current smokers who smoke at home, and that they could easily buy cigarettes from stores (63.2%), or someone else (27.8%), or street vendors (9%). Notably, over 85% of school children answered that they were not refused because of their age. This high percentage was nearly the same in the North (85.7%), the Centre (92.5%), and the South (89.7%) of Viet Nam. These findings show that it is quite easy for school children to obtain cigarettes and this is a crucial challenge for policy makers aiming to reduce tobacco use among youth in general and school-age students in particular.

Keywords

Access and availability;tobacco use;school children;GYTS;Vietnam

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