Cigarette Smoking among Adolescents aged 13-15 in Viet Nam and Correlates of Current Cigarette Smoking: Results from GYTS 2014 Data

  • Le, Thi Huong (Institute of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University) ;
  • Nga, Thi Thu Vu (Institute of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University) ;
  • Nguyen, Ngoc Dung (Institute of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University) ;
  • Le, Thi Thanh Xuan (Institute of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University) ;
  • Kim, Bao Giang (Institute of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University) ;
  • Phan, Thi Hai (Viet Nam Steering Committee on Smoking and Health) ;
  • Doan, Thu Huyen (Viet Nam Steering Committee on Smoking and Health) ;
  • Luong, Ngoc Khue (Viet Nam Administration for Clinical Practice Management, Viet Nam Ministry of Health) ;
  • Nguyen, Tuan Lam (World Health Organization Office in Viet Nam) ;
  • Hoang, Van Minh (Hanoi School of Public Health) ;
  • Pham, Thi Quynh Nga (World Health Organization Office in Viet Nam)
  • Published : 2016.04.14


The aim of this paper is to report the rate of current and ever cigarette smoking and explore correlates of current cigarette smoking among adolescents aged 13-15 in Viet Nam. This analysis was derived from GYTS survey, which comprised of 3,430 adolescents aged 13-15, conducted in 2014 in 13 cities and provinces of Viet Nam. We calculated the weighted rates of current and ever cigarette smoking and reported patterns of smoking behavior. We also performed logistic regression to explore correlates of current cigarette smoking behavior. The weighted rate of ever cigarette smoking was 9.5% (95% confidence interval (CI): 8.5 %-10.5%), in which the weighted rate among males (15.4%; 95% CI: 13.6%-17.0%) was higher than that among females (4.2%; 95% CI: 3.3%-5.1%). The weighted rate of current cigarette smoking was relatively low at 2.5% (95%CI: 2.0%-3.0%) with higher weighted rate among males (4.9%; 95% CI: 3.8%-5.9%) compared to the corresponding figure among females (0.2%; 95% CI: 0.0 %-0.5%). Current cigarette smoking was significantly higher among males than females, in students aged 15 versus 13 years old, and in students who had several or all close friends smoking and students with daily observation of smoking at school. For greater smoking reduction outcomes, we recommend that tobacco interventions for adolescents should consider targeting more male students at older ages, establish stricter adherence to school-based banning of cigarette smoking, engage both smoking and nonsmoking adolescents and empower adolescents to resist peer smoking influence as well as changing their norms or beliefs towards smoking benefits.


Cigarette smoking;adolescents;Viet Nam;correlates;GYST 2014


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