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Melanin: A Naturally Existing Multifunctional Material

자연계에 존재하는 다기능성 소재 : 멜라닌

  • Eom, Taesik (Department of Chemical Engineering, Inha University) ;
  • Woo, Kyungbae (Department of Chemical Engineering, Inha University) ;
  • Shim, Bong Sup (Department of Chemical Engineering, Inha University)
  • 엄태식 (인하대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 우경배 (인하대학교 화학공학과) ;
  • 심봉섭 (인하대학교 화학공학과)
  • Received : 2016.03.22
  • Accepted : 2016.03.28
  • Published : 2016.04.10

Abstract

Melanin is a common name used for a certain type of natural dark pigments existing in living organisms, particularly in human hair, eyes, and skin. The unique free radical scavenging effect of melanine could help protecting cells and tissues from harmful UV light. While their exact molecular structures in nature are not still well defined, their multifunctional properties including electrical and ionic conductivities, antioxidation, wet adhesion, and metal ion chelation, are highlighted for the potential applications in bioorganic electronics including biomedical sensors and devices. In this mini-review, we will discuss sources, synthesis methods, structures and multifunctional properties of melanin materials in addition to current research directions on a wide range of applications.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea

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