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Comparison of Chemical Composition of Particulate Matter Emitted from a Gasoline Direct Injected (GDI) Vehicle and a Port Fuel Injected (PFI) Vehicle using High Resolution Time of Flight Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (HR-ToF-AMS)

  • Lee, Jong Tae (Transportation Pollution Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Son, Jihwan (Transportation Pollution Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Jounghwa (Transportation Pollution Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Choi, Yongjoo (Department of Environmental Science, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies) ;
  • Yoo, Heung-Min (Transportation Pollution Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Ki Joon (Transportation Pollution Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Kim, Jeong Soo (Transportation Pollution Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Park, Sung Wook (School of Mechanical Engineering, Hanyang University) ;
  • Park, Gyutae (Transportation Pollution Research Center, National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Park, Taehyun (Department of Environmental Science, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies) ;
  • Kang, Seokwon (Department of Environmental Science, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies) ;
  • Lee, Taehyoung (Department of Environmental Science, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)
  • Received : 2016.01.28
  • Accepted : 2016.02.13
  • Published : 2016.03.31

Abstract

Particulate matter (PM) in the atmosphere has wide-ranging health, environmental, and climate effects, many of which are attributed to fine-mode secondary organic aerosols. PM concentrations are significantly enhanced by primary particle emissions from traffic sources. Recently, in order to reduce $CO_2$ and increase fuel economy, gasoline direct injected (GDI) engine technology is increasingly used in vehicle manufactures. The popularization of GDI technique has resulted in increasing of concerns on environmental protection. In order to better understand variations in chemical composition of particulate matter from emissions of GDI vehicle versus a port fuel injected (PFI) vehicle, a high time resolution chemical composition of PM emissions from GDI and PFI vehicles was measured at facility of Transport Pollution Research Center (TPRC), National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER), Korea. Continuous measurements of inorganic and organic species in PM were conducted using an Aerodyne high-resolution time-of-flight aerosol mass spectrometer (HR-ToF-AMS). The HR-ToF-AMS provides insight into non-refractory PM composition, including concentrations of nitrate, sulfate, hydrocarbon-like and oxygenated organic aerosol, and organic mass with 20 sec time resolution. Many cases of PM emissions during the study were dominated by organic and nitrate aerosol. An overview of observed PM characteristics will be provided along with an analysis of comparison of GDI vehicle versus PFI vehicle in PM emission rates and oxidation states.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Hankuk University of Foreign Studies

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