온라인 쇼핑에서 웹루밍으로의 쇼핑전환 의도에 영향을 미치는 요인에 대한 연구

An Empirical Study on Influencing Factors of Switching Intention from Online Shopping to Webrooming

  • 최현승 (아주대학교 경영대학 e-Business학과) ;
  • 양성병 (경희대학교 경영대학 경영학과)
  • 투고 : 2015.11.23
  • 심사 : 2016.02.23
  • 발행 : 2016.03.31


정보통신기술의 발전과 모바일 기기 사용의 생활화로 인해 최근 많은 소비자들이 멀티채널 쇼핑(multi-channel shopping)이라는 새로운 쇼핑 행태를 보이고 있다. 온라인 쇼핑이 등장한 이후, 온라인 매장에서 상품을 구매하기 전 오프라인 매장에서 상품을 먼저 확인하는 쇼루밍(showrooming) 형태의 멀티채널 쇼핑이 한 때 대세를 이루었으나, 최근에는 스마트폰, 태블릿 PC, 스마트워치 등 스마트 기기 사용의 폭발적 증가와 옴니채널(omni-channel) 전략으로 대표되는 오프라인 채널의 대대적 반격으로 인해 오프라인 매장에서 상품을 구매하기 전 온라인(혹은 모바일)으로 정보를 먼저 확인하는 웹루밍(webrooming) 현상이 도드라지게 나타나 온라인 소매업자를 위협하고 있다. 이러한 상황에서 소비자의 온라인 쇼핑에서 웹루밍으로의 쇼핑전환 의도에 영향을 미치는 요인을 분석하는 것이 의미가 있음에도 불구하고, 기존 대부분의 선행연구는 싱글채널(single-channel) 혹은 멀티채널 쇼핑 자체에만 초점을 맞추고 있다. 이에, 본 연구에서는 밀고-당기기-이주이론(push-pull-mooring theory)을 바탕으로 소비자의 온라인 채널 쇼핑이 웹루밍 형태의 쇼핑으로 전환되는 과정을 상품정보 탐색과 구매행위로 각각 구분하여 그 영향을 실증하였다. 연구모형을 검증하기 위하여, 웹루밍 경험이 있는 수도권 소재 대학생을 대상으로 280개의 설문 표본을 수집하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 현업 마케팅 종사자에게 멀티채널 소비자들을 관리하는 데 있어 실무적인 시사점을 제공함과 동시에, 향후 다양한 형태의 멀티채널 쇼핑전환 연구로의 확장에 기여할 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.


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