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Effectiveness of Different Classes of Fungicides on Botrytis cinerea Causing Gray Mold on Fruit and Vegetables

  • Received : 2016.05.01
  • Accepted : 2016.08.14
  • Published : 2016.12.01

Abstract

Botrytis cinerea is a necrotrophic pathogen causing a major problem in the export and post-harvest of strawberries. Inappropriate use of fungicides leads to resistance among fungal pathogens. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the sensitivity of B. cinerea to various classes of fungicide and to determine the effectiveness of different concentrations of commonly used fungicides. We thus evaluated the effectiveness of six classes of fungicide in inhibiting the growth and development of this pathogen, namely, fludioxonil, iprodione, pyrimethanil, tebuconazole, fenpyrazamine, and boscalid. Fludioxonil was the most effective ($EC_{50}$ < $0.1{\mu}g/ml$), and pyrimethanil was the least effective ($EC_{50}=50{\mu}g/ml$), at inhibiting the mycelial growth of B. cinerea. Fenpyrazamine and pyrimethanil showed relatively low effectiveness in inhibiting the germination and conidial production of B. cinerea. Our results are useful for the management of B. cinerea and as a basis for monitoring the sensitivity of B. cinerea strains to fungicides.

Keywords

Botrytis cinerea;fungicide;strawberry

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  2. Evaluation of the effectiveness of three fungicides against pathogens causing postharvest fruit rot of kiwifruit vol.47, pp.5, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-018-0591-7
  3. from Strawberry Fields in Spain vol.19, pp.1, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1094/PHP-12-17-0075-BR

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs