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Economic Feasibility Analysis of Building Seonam Biogas Combined Heat and Power Plant

서남 바이오가스 열병합발전 시설 건립의 경제적 타당성 분석

  • Park, So-Yeon (Department of Energy Policy, Graduate School of Energy &Environment, Seoul National University of Science & Technology) ;
  • Shin, Hyun-Ho (Department of Energy Policy, Graduate School of Energy &Environment, Seoul National University of Science & Technology) ;
  • Yoo, Seung-Hoon (Department of Energy Policy, Graduate School of Energy &Environment, Seoul National University of Science & Technology)
  • 박소연 (서울과학기술대학교 에너지환경대학원 에너지정책학과) ;
  • 신현호 (서울과학기술대학교 에너지환경대학원 에너지정책학과) ;
  • 유승훈 (서울과학기술대학교 에너지환경대학원 에너지정책학과)
  • Received : 2016.11.07
  • Accepted : 2016.12.16
  • Published : 2016.12.30

Abstract

Recently, technology for energy recovery from waste has been increasing interest globally including the Korea. In Korea, we have interested in using biogas generated from the sewage treatment process. As one alternative, there are operating biogas combined heat and power plant. The generation amount of the Sewage Sludge are expected to grow in the future. For this reason, total processing cost of Sewage Sludge will increase. To solve this problem, it seems will be invested with the expansion of facilities that use biogas as energy. Therefore, quantitative information on such facilities is required. Thus, this study attempts to economic feasibility analysis for Seonam Biogas Combined Heat and Power Plant. Meanwhile, as the benefit items for economic feasibility analysis consider electricity supply benefit except for heat supply benefit. The average prices of electricity use were residence 123.69, commercial 130.46, and industry 102.59 won per kWh for the year 2015, In addition, the economic benefit are calculated to be residence 310.21, commercial 378.49, and industry 222.87 won per kWh. The results of economic feasibility analysis is NPV 72.18 billion won, B/C 1.90, IRR 37%, shows that economic validity of Seonam Biogas Combined Heat and Power Plant.

전 세계적으로 폐자원 에너지화에 대한 관심이 지속적으로 상승되고 있다. 국내에서는 하수슬러지를 처리하는 과정에서 발생되는 바이오가스를 에너지로 활용하는 방안에 관심을 갖고 있다. 그 한 가지 대안으로 바이오가스 열병합발전 시설이 운영되고 있고, 이로 인한 수익이 창출되고 있다. 향후 하수슬러지의 발생량은 지속적으로 증가할 것으로 예측되고, 이에 대한 처리비용도 늘어날 것으로 예상되고 있다. 이와 같은 문제를 해결하기 위하여, 하수슬러지를 처리하면서 부생되는 바이오가스를 에너지로 활용하는 시설의 확대와 함께 많은 재원이 투자될 것으로 보인다. 따라서 이와 같은 시설에 대한 정량적인 정보가 요구되고 있다. 이에 본 연구는 하수슬러지에서 발생되는 바이오가스를 열병합발전 시설에 공급하여 수익을 창출하고 있는, 서남 바이오가스 열병합발전 시설에 대한 경제성 분석을 수행하고자 한다. 열병합발전 시설은 열과 전력을 생산하는 시설이다. 따라서 편익 항목으로 열과 전력을 생각할 수 있다. 그런데 서남 바이오가스 열병합발전 시설의 경우, 생산된 열은 서남물재생센터의 소화조 가온에 전량 공급된다. 따라서 열병합발전 시설의 편익이 아닌, 서남물재생센터의 비용절감 효과로 나타난다할 수 있다. 결과적으로 본 연구에서는 편익 항목으로 전력만 고려하여 용도별 (주택용, 일반용, 산업용) 전력공급 편익을 산정하였다. 2015년 기준 전력의 용도별 평균 가격은 각각 123.69원, 130.46원, 102.59원으로 계산되었고, 경제적 편익은 용도별로 각각 310.21원, 378.49원, 222.87원이다. 경제성 분석 결과 순현재가치 721.82억원, 편익/비용 1.90, 내부수익률 37%로 계산되어 경제적으로 타당성이 있는 것으로 판단된다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : SL공사

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