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Healthcare Workers' Cultural Competence and Multi-Cultural Job Stress

의료종사자의 다문화 역량과 직무스트레스

  • Received : 2016.10.31
  • Accepted : 2016.12.02
  • Published : 2016.12.31

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of cultural competence, intercultural communicative competence, and multi-cultural job stress among healthcare workers and to explore factors that are related to their cultural competence. Methods: The study subjects were 142 healthcare workers at a general hospital. Data were collected using a questionnaire on cultural competence, intercultural communicative competence, and multi-cultural job stress. A t-test, ANOVA Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression analysis were conducted using SPSS. Results: Cultural competence was significantly related to the necessity of multi-cultural education, and intercultural communicative competence was significantly related to age, a vocational career, communication in foreign languages, and having multi-cultural neighbors. Moreover, multi-cultural job stress was significantly related to religion. In multiple regression results, cultural competence was found to be related to intercultural communicative competence and multi-cultural job stress. Conclusion: Healthcare workers who are set to care for multi-cultural patients should improve intercultural communicative competence and reduce multi-cultural job stress.

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