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Prediction of Mechanical Behavior for Carbon Black Added Natural Rubber Using Hyperelastic Constitutive Model

  • Kim, Beomkeun (High Safety Vehicle Core Technology Research Center, Inje University Gimhae)
  • Received : 2016.12.06
  • Accepted : 2016.12.08
  • Published : 2016.12.31

Abstract

The rubber materials are widely used in automobile industry due to their capability of a large amount of elastic deformation under a force. Current trend of design process requires prediction of functional properties of parts at early stage. The behavior of rubber material can be modeled using strain energy density function. In this study, five different strain energy density functions - Neo-Hookean model, Reduced Polynomial $2^{nd}$ model, Ogden $3^{rd}$ model, Arruda Boyce model and Van der Waals model - were used to estimate the behavior of carbon black added natural rubber under uniaxial load. Two kinds of tests - uniaxial tension test and biaxial tension test - were performed and used to correlate the coefficients of the strain energy density function. Numerical simulations were carried out using finite element analysis and compared with experimental results. Simulation revealed that Ogden $3^{rd}$ model predicted the behavior of carbon added natural rubber under uniaxial load regardless of experimental data selection for coefficient correlation. However, Reduced Polynomial $2^{nd}$, Ogden $3^{rd}$, and Van der Waals with uniaxial tension test and biaxial tension test data selected for coefficient correlation showed close estimation of behavior of biaxial tension test. Reduced Polynomial $2^{nd}$ model predicted the behavior of biaxial tension test most closely.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국연구재단

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