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Prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in native Korean goat in Jeonbuk province

전북지역 염소에서 Coxiella burnetii 감염실태 조사

  • Gang, Su-Jin (North-Branch, Jeonbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory) ;
  • Jeong, Jae-Myong (West-Branch, Jeonbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory) ;
  • Kim, Hyun-Kwan (West-Branch, Jeonbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Wook (West-Branch, Jeonbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory) ;
  • Shon, Ku-rye (West-Branch, Jeonbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory) ;
  • Park, Tae-Wook (West-Branch, Jeonbuk Veterinary Service Laboratory)
  • 강수진 (전라북도 동물위생시험소 북부지소) ;
  • 정재명 (전라북도 동물위생시험소 서부지소) ;
  • 김현관 (전라북도 동물위생시험소 서부지소) ;
  • 이재욱 (전라북도 동물위생시험소 서부지소) ;
  • 손구례 (전라북도 동물위생시험소 서부지소) ;
  • 박태욱 (전라북도 동물위생시험소 서부지소)
  • Received : 2016.11.21
  • Accepted : 2016.12.23
  • Published : 2016.12.30

Abstract

The prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in native Korean goats in Jeonbuk province was investigated using ELISA (sera) and PCR (vaginal mucus). A total of 798 blood samples from 189 farms were collected in 2013 and 2015. Seroprevalence was 13.6% in 2013 and 15.7% in 2015. Tracking survey of six seropositive farms on the prevalence of C. burnetii was conducted. 137 (41.4%) out of 331 goats were seropositive and 47 (17.6%) out of 267 goats were positive in PCR. The higher seropositivity observed in adult goats and female goats significantly, the seroprevalence of C. burnetii was higher as age increased (<1 y=13.2%~${\geq}5$ y=100%)(P<0.05) and female goats (44.8%) was higher than male goats (24.1%) on the seroprevalence (P<0.05). 21 (7.9%) goats positive in PCR was seronegative. The prevalence of C. burnetii in native Korean goats in slaughter house was 30.0% in ELISA and 11.5% in PCR. Significantly, female goats (62.8%) was higher than male goats (12.3%) on the seroprevalence (P<0.05). Based on these data, C. burnetii was easily exposed in domestic animals: native Korean goats-related areas such as farms and slaughter house.

Keywords

Coxiella burnetii;Q fever;Native Korean goat;ELISA;PCR

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