DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Energy Drink Consumption Status and Associated Factors among Male and Female High School Students in Deajon Area

대전 지역 남녀 고등학생의 에너지음료 섭취 실태 및 섭취 관련 요인

  • Received : 2016.10.09
  • Accepted : 2016.12.04
  • Published : 2016.12.31

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine factors related to the consumption of energy drinks among male and female high school students in Daejeon. The research data, derived from the self-administered questionnaire method, was collected from 664 students in fifteen high schools during the spring of 2016. A total of 542 complete questionnaires were analyzed (response rate: 79.8%). Approximately 73% of the students self-reported having consumed energy drinks, with a greater percentage of male (as opposed to female) students self-reporting as having done so. The most common reasons given for the consumption of energy drinks were to stay awake (54.8%), the good taste of the drink (28.0%), to concentrate during studying (17.2%), and to relieve fatigue (16.9%). The adverse effects were palpitation (59.3%), insomnia (35.6%), and experiencing difficulty in waking up (30.5%). More than two in three (67.8%) students who experienced adverse effects still consumed energy drinks. The average level of health consciousness was lower than 3 out of 5 points. The results of the logistic regression analyses indicated a positive relationship between monthly allowance (OR=1.01 for male and female students) and the consumption of energy drinks by both male and female students. Among the male students, freshmen (OR=0.23) were less likely to have consumed energy drinks than juniors. Male students' sleeping hours (OR=0.65) and perceived school life satisfaction scores (OR=0.63) were negatively associated with the consumption of energy drinks. In the case of female students, study hours (OR=0.83) and energy drinks consumption were negatively related. These factors affecting energy drinks consumption could be considered in the development of dietary education programs aimed at protecting high school students from the adverse health impacts of energy drinks.

Keywords

high school students;energy drinks;consumption;health consciousness;associated factors

References

  1. Attila S, Cakir B. 2011. Energy-drink consumption in college students and associated factors. Nutrition 27:316-322 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2010.02.008
  2. Azagba S, Langille D, Asbridge M. 2014. An emerging adolescent health risk: Caffeinated energy drink consumption patterns among high school students. Prev Med 62:54-59 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.01.019
  3. Bae GU. 2009. The study on the career plan and academic stress of high school students. MS Thesis, Korea Univ. Seoul. Korea
  4. Bulut B, Beyhun NE, Topbas M, Can G. 2014. Energy drink use in university students and associated factors. J Community Health 39:1004-1011 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-014-9849-3
  5. Do YS, Kang SH, Kim HT. 2014. Investigation on the consumption of caffeinated beverages by high school students in Gyeonggi-do. J Food Hyg Safety 29:105-116 https://doi.org/10.13103/JFHS.2014.29.2.105
  6. Han JA. 2014. A study on consumption and perception of energy drink according to health concern of consumer in Seoul and Gyeonggi area. MS Thesis, Chungang Univ. Seoul. Korea
  7. Jo SH, Lee CK. 2015. The effect of caffeinated energy drink consumption on intraocular pressure in young adults. Korean J Ophthalmol Soc 56:1096-1103 https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2015.56.7.1096
  8. Kang JO. 2014. Analysis of cariogenic organic acids and sugars in energy drinks. Ph. D. Thesis, Kyunghee Univ. Seoul. Korea
  9. Kim MN. 2013. Adolescent's dietary behaviors, health interest, nutrition knowledge: its effects on their intakes of nutritional supplements. MS Thesis, Hanyang Univ. Seoul. Korea
  10. Kim YJ, Jeon EM, Shim SB, Seo HJ. 2015. Effects of awareness and knowledge of energy drinks on consumption patterns among college students. Korean J Health Promot 15:31-38 https://doi.org/10.15384/kjhp.2015.15.1.31
  11. Ko IS. 2013. Survey on energy drink intake of middle school students and recognition of the risk of high caffeine intake. MS Thesis, Kyunghee Univ. Seoul. Korea
  12. Korea Consumer Agency. 2013. Survey on Safety of Energy Drink. The Consumer Safety Center. pp. 53-75
  13. Lee CH, La SA. 2014. Energy drinks addiction and policy development-Focusing on consumption patterns of teenagers and university students-. J Service Marketing 7:29-43
  14. Lee SJ, Kim HC, Kim MR. 2014a. Analysis on intake of energy drinks of high school students in Gyeongbuk region. J East Asian Soc Dietary Life 24:924-932
  15. Lee SJ, Kim HC, Kim MR. 2014b. Study on recognition, knowledge, and intake behavior of foods containing caffeine of high school students in Gyeongbuk region. J Korean Assoc Pract Arts Edu 26:21-34
  16. Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2015. Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey. pp. 225, 228, 245, 255. Report No. 2005-245
  17. Oh HN, Lee HJ. 2015. The effect of energy drink on enamel erosion. J Dent Hyg Sci 15:419-423 https://doi.org/10.17135/jdhs.2015.15.4.419
  18. Park EJ. 2016. Study on health behavior and high-caffeine drink intake of adolescent. MS Thesis, Chonnam National Univ. Gwangju. Korea
  19. Pettit ML, DeBarr KA. 2011. Perceived stress, energy drink consumption, and academic performance among college students. J Ame College Health 59:335-341 https://doi.org/10.1080/07448481.2010.510163
  20. Seifert SM, Schaechter JL, Hershorin ER, Lipshultz SE. 2011. Health effects of energy drinks on children, adolescents, and young adults. Pediatrics 127:511-527 https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2009-3592
  21. Seo DU. 2016. Survey on energy drink recognition and intake status of some university students in Gwangju. MS Thesis, Chosun Univ. Gwangju. Korea
  22. The Financial News. 2013. France, energy drink wars, introducing red bull taxes. Available from http://www.fnnews.com/news/201310250645515427?t=y [cited 2016 September 9]
  23. The Segye Times. 2016. The energy drinks were reduced the surface micro-hardness. Available from http://www.segye.com/content/html/2016/03/07/20160307000948.html [cited 2016 September 9]
  24. World Health Organization Western Pacific Region. 2000. The Asia-Pacific Perspective: Redefining Obesity and Its Treatment. Manila, Philippines
  25. Yang YM, Huh W, Jeong E, Lee JJ, Choi EJ. 2014. An analysis of consumption patterns of high-caffeinated energy drinks and adverse effects by surveys from students at middle and high schools in Korea. J Pharmaceut Soc Korea 58:387-396
  26. Yonhap News. 2014. Saudi Arabia, no advertisement of energy drink. Available from http://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=101&oid=001&aid=0006791403 [cited 2016 September 9]
  27. Yun HS, Kim SH, Lee CY. 2013. An analysis of factors affecting energy drink consumption in college students. Korean J Health Edu Promot 30:1-12

Cited by

  1. Intake-related factors and educational needs regarding energy drinks in female high school students in the Incheon area vol.50, pp.5, 2017, https://doi.org/10.4163/jnh.2017.50.5.460
  2. Health Behavior Factors Associated with Sugar-sweetened Beverage Intake among Adolescents vol.23, pp.3, 2018, https://doi.org/10.5720/kjcn.2018.23.3.193

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 배재대학교