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A test of the hybrid origin of Korean endemic Sedum latiovalifolium (Crassulaceae)

한국특산 태백기린초(돌나물과)의 교잡 기원에 대한 검증

  • Yoo, Young-Gi (Department of Biology, Kyungnam University) ;
  • Park, Ki-Ryong (Department of Urban Environmental Engineering, Kyungnam University)
  • 유영기 (경남대학교생물학과) ;
  • 박기룡 (경남대학교 도시환경공학과)
  • Received : 2016.11.12
  • Accepted : 2016.12.21
  • Published : 2016.12.30

Abstract

Eighteen morphological characters from 40 populations and ten isozyme loci from 35 populations of Sedum latiovalifolium and related species were examined to investigate the degree of morphological and genetic variation. The high-frequency marker alleles $MDH-2^a$ and $PGI-1^a$ in S. aizoon, S. kamtschaticum, and S. zokuriense did not appear in the populations of S. latiovalifolium. In addition, the high-frequency allele ($MDH-2^c$) in S. latiovalifolium appeared at a very low frequency in other subg. aizoon species. Thus, the isozyme data did not support a hybrid origin of S. latiovalifolium from S. aizoon with S. kamtschaticum. The results of an unweighted pair-group method using the arithmetic average method and a principal components analysis using morphological data also did not support a hybrid origin of S. latiovalifolium. However, our data strongly suggest that some individuals from the populations found in the Gumdaebong area were most likely hybrids due to introgression between S. latiovalifolium and S. kamtschaticum or S. aizoon and S. kamtschaticum.

돌나물과 한국특산종 태백기린초의 교잡 기원에 대한 가설을 검증하고, 연관 종들의 형태적, 유전적 변이를 알아보기 위해 40개 집단으로부터 18개의 형태형질과 35개 집단에 10개 동위효소 좌위를 분석하였다. 동위효소 연구결과 가는기린초, 기린초 그리고 속리기린초에 높은 빈도로 나타났던 $MDH-2^a$, $PGI-1^a$는 태백기린초 집단에서는 전혀 나타나지 않았으며, 태백기린초의 모든 집단에서 높은 빈도로 나타나는 $MDH-2^c$는 다른 가는기린초아속 식물에서는 낮은 빈도로 나타나고 있어 태백기린초가 기린초와 가는기린초의 잡종화를 통해 기원되었다는 기존의 가설을 지지할 수 없다. 그러나 금대봉 일대의 일부 집단의 개체들은 태백기린초와 기린초 혹은 기린초와 가는기린초 사이에서 형질이입에 의해 만들어진 교잡 개체일 가능성이 높은 것으로 생각된다.

Keywords

References

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