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Analysis on New Research Opportunities and Strategies for Earth Sciences in the United States

미국 지질과학분야 신규 연구주제 및 전략분석

  • Kim, Seong-Yong (Policy Research Division, Korea Institute Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)) ;
  • Ahn, Eun-Young (Policy Research Division, Korea Institute Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)) ;
  • Bae, Jun-Hee (Policy Research Division, Korea Institute Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)) ;
  • Lee, Jae-Wook (Policy Research Division, Korea Institute Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM))
  • 김성용 (한국지질자원연구원 미래정책연구실) ;
  • 안은영 (한국지질자원연구원 미래정책연구실) ;
  • 배준희 (한국지질자원연구원 미래정책연구실) ;
  • 이재욱 (한국지질자원연구원 미래정책연구실)
  • Received : 2015.12.24
  • Accepted : 2016.02.01
  • Published : 2016.02.28

Abstract

The essential role of the Division of Earth Sciences(EAR) in the Directorate of Geoscience(GEO) of National Science Foundation of America(NSF) is to support basic research aimed at acquiring fundamental knowledge of the Earth system that can be directly applied to the United States' strategic needs. The 2011 Committee on New Research Opportunities in the Earth Sciences(NROES) of the National Academy of Sciences(NAS) identified specific areas of the basic earth science research scope of the EAR that were poised for rapid progress during the next decade. Quantified by interdisciplinary approaches, the Committee highlighted the following topics relating to the EAR Deep Earth Processes and Surface Earth Processes sections: (1) the early Earth; (2) thermochemical internal dynamics and volatile distribution; (3) faulting and deformation processes; (4) interactions among climate, the Earth surface processes, tectonics, and deep Earth processes; (5) co-evolution of life, environment, and climate; (6) coupled hydrogeomorphic-ecosystem response to natural and anthropogenic change; and (7) interactions of biogeochemical and water cycles in terrestrial environments. We also promote future research challenges such as the critical zone studies. In order to promote more active such a huge future research challenges, additional research support policies are needed.

Keywords

National Science Foundation;Directorate of Geoscience;Division of Earth Sciences;New Research Opportunities in the Earth Sciences;Earth processes

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국지질자원연구원

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