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Contribution analysis of Hanwoo carcass traits on unit price in national slaughter house

  • Eum, Seung-Hoon (Department of Animal Science, College of Natural Resources & Life Science.Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Park, Hu-Rak (Department of Animal Science, College of Natural Resources & Life Science.Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Seo, Jakyeom (Department of Animal Science, College of Natural Resources & Life Science.Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Cho, Seong-Keun (Department of Animal Science, College of Natural Resources & Life Science.Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Byeong-Woo (Department of Animal Science, College of Natural Resources & Life Science.Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University)
  • Received : 2016.07.26
  • Accepted : 2016.11.16
  • Published : 2016.12.31

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze the contribution factors (backfat thickness, eye muscle area, carcass weight, marbling score, and feeding period) affecting meat unit price (South-Korean Won / Kg of meat). The best slaughtering age to maximize unit price was also assumed. All data used in this study were acquired from the Korea Institute for Animal Products Quality Evaluation from 2010 to 2014. Contributions to the estimated unit price of cows by the following factors, backfat thickness, eye muscle area, carcass weights, feeding period, and marbling score were 2.65%, 0.04%, 1.58%, 1.58%, and 95.72%, respectively. Contribution to estimated unit price of steers by the same factors (backfat thickness, eye muscle area, carcass weights, feeding period, and marbling score) were 7.88%, 1.24%, 0.07%, 90.81%, and 95.72%, respectively. Slaughtering ages ranged from 26 to 36 months and the data were separated into each month for an 11 month period. The unit price of meat from Hanwoo slaughtered at 30 months was highest among groups. The lowest unit price was observed in the group belonging to the Hanwoo slaughtered at 36 months. In conclusion, of all contributing factors, marbling score affected unit price the most. Based on our results, it is recommended that the optimal slaughtering age be set at 30 months to maximize unit price. Moreover, the feeding of beef cattle past 30 months of age is not recommended because of the increase in feeding costs.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 부산대학교

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