정신건강의학과 환자들의 우울 및 불안이 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향 : 유머양식의 조절효과

The impact of depression and anxiety on life satisfaction in psychiatric patients : Moderating effect of humor style

  • 투고 : 2016.10.20
  • 심사 : 2016.12.20
  • 발행 : 2016.12.31


전통적으로 유머는 정신건강의 지표로 여겨졌으나 유머양식에 따라 긍정적 또는 부정적 기능을 한다는 연구들이 보고되고 있어 유머의 양식과 역할에 대한 연구의 필요성이 크다. 본 연구에서는 유머의 역할 중에서도 정신병리로 인한 정신적 웰빙 저하에 대한 완충효과에 주목했고 정신건강의학과 환자들에게 흔한 증상인 우울과 불안이 삶의 만족도를 낮추는 데 어떤 양식의 유머가 완충효과를 가지는지 검증하고자 했다. 이를 위해 101명 환자들의 유머양식, 삶의 만족도, 우울, 불안 자료를 상관분석한 뒤 위계적 회귀분석을 통해 유머양식의 조절효과를 분석했다. 그 결과, 자기고양적 유머가 우울과 불안 모두에서 삶의 만족도에 유의한 조절효과를 가졌고 친화적 유머는 우울과만 유의한 상호작용을 보였다. 따라서 정신건강의학과 환자들에게 긍정적 유머가 우울과 불안 증상으로 인한 정신적 웰빙 저하에 보호요인으로 작용할 수 있으며 특히 자신을 고양시키는 유머 사용이 삶의 만족도를 높이는데 효과적임이 시사되었다. 나아가 본 연구는 비록 정신병리를 겪고 있는 정신건강의학과 환자라 할지라도 긍정적 유머를 사용함으로써 통합적이고 융합적인 의미에서의 적응 가능성을 생각해 볼 수 있게 한다.


유머양식;정신건강의학과 환자;불안;우울;삶의 만족도;융합적 적응


연구 과제 주관 기관 : 대구대학교


  1. Szabo, A. (2003). The acute effects of humor and exercise on mood and anxiety. Journal of Leisure Research, 35, 152-162.
  2. Dienstbier, R. A. (1995). The impact of humor on energy, tension, tast choices, and attributions: Explorating hypotheses from toughness theory. Motivation & Emotion, 19, 255-267.
  3. Galloway, G., & Cropley, A. (1999). Benefits of humor for mental health: Empirical findings and directions for further research. Humor, 12, 301-314
  4. Kuiper, N. A., & Olinger, L. J. (1998). Humor and mentla health. In H. S. Friedman (Ed.), Encyclopedia of mental health, volume 2, 445-457. San diago, CA : Academic Press.
  5. Lefcourt, H. M. (2001). Humor: The psychology of living buoyantly. New York : Kluwer Academic.
  6. Vilaythong, A. P., Arnau, R. C., Rosen, D. H., & Mascaro, N. (2006). Humor and hope: Can humor increase hope? Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 16, 79-89.
  7. Martin, R. A., & Lefcourt, H. M. (1983). Sense of humor as a moderator of relationship between stressors and moods. Journal of personality & social psychology, 45, 1313-1324.
  8. Amy Danzer, J.A.Dale & H.L.Klios, (1990). Effect of Exposure to Humorous Stimuli on Induced Depression. Psychological report, 1990, 66, 1027-1036.
  9. Moran, C. C. (1996). Shot-term mood change, perceived funniness, and the effect of humor stimuli. Behavioral Medicine, 22, 32-38.
  10. Martin, R. A., Puhlik-Doris, P., Larsen, G., Gray, J., & Weir, K. (2003). Individual differences in uses of humor and their relation to psychological well-being: Development of the Humor Styles Questionnaire. Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 48-75.
  11. Saroglou, V., & Scariot, C. (2002). Humor Style Questionnaire: Personality and Educational correlates in Belgian High school and college students. European Journal of Personality, 16, 43-54.
  12. Doris, P. (2004). The humor styles questionnaire: Investigating the role of humor in psychological well-being. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario.
  13. Maslow, A. H.(1954). Motivation and personality. New York : Harper.
  14. Allport, G. W. (1961). Pattern and growth in personality. New York: Holt, Reinhart & Winston.
  15. O'Connell, W. E.(1976). Freudian humor: The eupsychia of everyday life. In A. J. Champman & H. C. Foot (Eds.), Humor and Laughter: Theory, research, and applications (pp. 313-329). London: John Wiley & Sons.
  16. Martin, R. A., Puhlik-Doris, P., Larsen, G., Gray, J., & Weir, K. (2003). Individual differences in uses of humor and their relation to psychological well-being: Development of the Humor Styles Questionnaire. Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 48-75.
  17. K, H, Kim,. S, E, Kim, & Y. G. Go. (2009). Relationship between humor style and sympathy, emotional regulation. Korean Clinical Psychology Association Spring Congress Program and Abstract, January 15-17. Seoul: Samsung Medical Center. pp.3-4. 2009.
  18. Bilge, F., & Saltuk, S. (2007). Humor Style, Subjective Well-being, Traint Anger and Anxiety among University Students in Turkey. World Applied Sciences Journal, 2, 464-469.
  19. Corruble, E., Bronnec, M., Falissard, B., & Hardy, P. (2004). Defense styles in depressed suicide attempters. Psychiatry, 23, 81-95.
  20. Freiheit, S. R., Overholser, J. C., & Lehnert, K. L. (1998). The association between humor and depression in adolescent psychiatric inpatients and highschool students. Journal of Adolescent Research, 13, 32-48.
  21. Ivanova, A. N., Enikolopov, S. N., & Mitina, O. V. (2014). Sense of humor disorders in patients with schizophrenia and affective disorders. Psychology in Russia: State of the Art, 7, 146-157.
  22. Ivanova, E. M., & Enikolopov, S. N. (2006). The sense of humor reserch in psychology. Issues in Psychology, 4, 122-133.
  23. Martin, R. A. (2007). The psychology of humor : An Integrative Approach. Burlington. MA: Elsevier Academic Press.
  24. Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. K., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life Scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71-75.
  25. M,H,Cho., K,H,Cha.(1998). The Comparison among Nations on quality of life. Seoul ; Jibmundng.
  26. Hamilton, M. (1960). A rating scale for depression. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 23, 56-62.
  27. Hamilton, M. (1967). Development of a rating scale for primary depressive illness. British Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, 6, 278-296.
  28. Hamilton, M. (1959). The assessment of anxiety states by rating. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 32, 50-55.
  29. Martell, C. R., Dimidjian, S., & Herman-Dunn, R. (2010). Behavioral activation for depression: A Clinician's guide. New York : Guilford Press.
  30. E. Jane Costello, Sarah Mustillo, Alaattin Erkanli, Gordon Keeler, Adrian Angold. (2003). Prevalence and Development of Psychiatric Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 60(8) :837-844
  31. S. H. Kim, S. Y. Bae, "Analysis of Convergent Factors Related to Depression among Some College Women of Health Affiliated Educations", Journal of digital Convergence, Vol. 13, No. 10, pp. 367-376, 2015.
  32. H. M. Kim, "Convergence Educational Exploration of Anxiety about PE Class in Middle School Coed Class and Single-sex Class", Journal of digital Convergence, Vol. 13, No. 11, pp. 571-578, 2015.
  33. J. S. Lee, S. Y. Lee, "Effects of Cognitive Function and Depression on Anxiety in Elderly People-Convergent approach", Journal of digital Convergence, Vol. 13, No. 8, pp. 401-408, 2015.
  34. J. S. Kim, "The Design and Development of Healing Depression Convergence Content using Movement of Thought, HMD, Leap Motion, Color and Music Therapy." Korea Convergence Society Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 45-51, 2016.
  35. H. J. Hwang, M. S. Lee, J. Y. Hong., "Related Factors with the Depression in the Rural People." Korea Convergence Society Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 21-29, 2011.
  36. H. J. Choi, S. K. Baek., "A Study on Depressive disposition by Convergence approach of Leisure History and Family situation in Elderly Women." Korea Convergence Society Vol. 6, No. 5, pp. 295-302, 2015.
  37. Clark, Lee A. Watson, David (1991). Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: Psychometric evidence and taxonomic implications. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 316-336.
  38. H. Lee.,, K, H, Kim. (2014). Validation of the Korean Version of the Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire(K-MASQ). Korean Journal of Clinical Psychology, 33(2), 395-411.
  39. De Beurs, E., den Hollander-Gijsman, M. E., Helmich, S., Zitman, F. G. (2007). The tripartite model for assessing symptoms of anxiety and depression: Psychometrics of the Dutch version of the mood and anxiety symptoms questionnaire. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 45, 1609-1617.
  40. Keogh, E. & Reidy, J. (2000). Exploring the Factor Structure of the Mood and Anxiety Symptom Questionnaire (MASQ). Journal of Personality Assessment, 74, 106-125.