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정신건강의학과 환자들의 우울 및 불안이 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향 : 유머양식의 조절효과

The impact of depression and anxiety on life satisfaction in psychiatric patients : Moderating effect of humor style

  • 투고 : 2016.10.20
  • 심사 : 2016.12.20
  • 발행 : 2016.12.31

초록

전통적으로 유머는 정신건강의 지표로 여겨졌으나 유머양식에 따라 긍정적 또는 부정적 기능을 한다는 연구들이 보고되고 있어 유머의 양식과 역할에 대한 연구의 필요성이 크다. 본 연구에서는 유머의 역할 중에서도 정신병리로 인한 정신적 웰빙 저하에 대한 완충효과에 주목했고 정신건강의학과 환자들에게 흔한 증상인 우울과 불안이 삶의 만족도를 낮추는 데 어떤 양식의 유머가 완충효과를 가지는지 검증하고자 했다. 이를 위해 101명 환자들의 유머양식, 삶의 만족도, 우울, 불안 자료를 상관분석한 뒤 위계적 회귀분석을 통해 유머양식의 조절효과를 분석했다. 그 결과, 자기고양적 유머가 우울과 불안 모두에서 삶의 만족도에 유의한 조절효과를 가졌고 친화적 유머는 우울과만 유의한 상호작용을 보였다. 따라서 정신건강의학과 환자들에게 긍정적 유머가 우울과 불안 증상으로 인한 정신적 웰빙 저하에 보호요인으로 작용할 수 있으며 특히 자신을 고양시키는 유머 사용이 삶의 만족도를 높이는데 효과적임이 시사되었다. 나아가 본 연구는 비록 정신병리를 겪고 있는 정신건강의학과 환자라 할지라도 긍정적 유머를 사용함으로써 통합적이고 융합적인 의미에서의 적응 가능성을 생각해 볼 수 있게 한다.

키워드

유머양식;정신건강의학과 환자;불안;우울;삶의 만족도;융합적 적응

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 대구대학교

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