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Effects of Stress and Self-esteem on Depression in Middle-aged Women and Middle-aged Men

중년여성과 중년남성의 스트레스와 자아존중감이 우울에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2016.09.30
  • Accepted : 2016.12.20
  • Published : 2016.12.31

Abstract

The purposes of this study was to identify the significant predictors of depression. The data were collected using questionnaire from the sample of 114 middle-aged women and 125 middle-aged men. The data were collected through self-report questionnaires, which were constructed to include stress, self-esteem, and depression. Data were analyzed using frequencies, means, $X^2$-test, Analysis of Covariance, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis with SPSS 18.0. The significant predictors of depression for middle-aged women were stress(${\beta}=.387$, p<.001), self-esteem(${\beta}=-.249$, p<.05), health perception(${\beta}=-.191$, p<.05), explaining 43.1% of the variance in depression. The significant predictors of depression for middle-aged men were self-esteem(${\beta}=-.429$, p<.001), stress(${\beta}=.322$, p<.001), explaining 56.0% of the variance in depression.

Keywords

Depression;Stress;Self-esteem;Middle-aged Women;Middle-aged Men

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  1. Association between Health-related Characteristics of the Middle-aged between Men and Women, and Oral Health-related Characteristics on Depressive Symptoms (PHQ-9) vol.11, pp.4, 2017, https://doi.org/10.12811/kshsm.2017.11.4.179