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임상치과위생사의 감정노동이 직무스트레스에 미치는 융합적 영향 -자아존중감의 매개효과를 중심으로-

The Convergence Influence of Emotional Labor of clinical dental hygienist working on Job stress. -Focused on Mediating Effects of Self Esteem-

  • 황다혜 (안동과학대학교 치위생과) ;
  • 엄숙 (영산대학교 치위생학과)
  • 투고 : 2016.09.26
  • 심사 : 2016.12.20
  • 발행 : 2016.12.31

초록

본 연구는 감정노동이 자아존중감을 매개로 직무스트레스에 미치는 영향을 파악하고자 실시하였다. 연구 대상은 편의 추출된 임상치과위생사 205명을 대상으로 하였으며 자료는 구조화된 설문지를 통해 2016년 1월 3일부터 1월 30일까지 수집하였다. 분석결과 감정노동은 자아존중감과 부적 상관을 가지고 있으며, 직무스트레스와는 정적 상관을 가지고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 자아존중감은 직무스트레스와 부적상관을 가지는 것으로 나타났다. 즉, 감정노동이 직무스트레스의 하위요인중 관계갈등과 직무불안정, 직장문화에서의 스트레스를 증가시키는 직접효과와 자아존중감을 낮추고, 낮아진 자아존중감이 다시 직무스트레스를 증가시키는 간접효과를 동시에 가짐을 확인할 수 있었으며 임상 치과위생사들에게 감정노동의 대처방안 및 자아존중감을 높일 수 있는 교육을 통하여 감정노동 수준 관리와 병원차원에서의 융합적 노력이 필요할 것으로 사료된다.

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