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Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Parameter Studies on Adsorption of Acid Black 1 Using Coconut Shell-Based Granular Activated Carbon

야자각계 입상 활성탄의 Acid Black 1 염료 흡착에 대한 평형, 동역학 및 열역학 파라미터의 연구

  • Lee, Dong-Chang (Division of Chemical Engineering, Kongju National University) ;
  • Lee, Jong-Jib (Division of Chemical Engineering, Kongju National University)
  • 이동창 (공주대학교 화학공학부) ;
  • 이종집 (공주대학교 화학공학부)
  • Received : 2016.09.01
  • Accepted : 2016.10.03
  • Published : 2016.12.10

Abstract

In this study, the adsorption behavior from aqueous solution as well as kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of Acid Black 1 were investigated through batch reaction using coconut shell based granular steam activated carbon. The effects of various adsorption parameters such as pH, initial concentration, contact time, temperature were studied. To confirm the effect of pH, pHpzc measurements were analyzed followed by measuring removal efficiencies of Acid Black 1 at the pH range from 3 to 11. Experimental equilibrium adsorption data were fitted using Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich adsorption isotherm. The conformity of adsorption reaction for pseudo first and second order model were evaluated through kinetic analysis. Values of enthalpy change and activation energy were also investigated through thermodynamic analysis and it was confirmed that the adsorption process was endothermic. The spontaneity of adsorption process was evaluated using the values of entropy and Gibbs free energy changes.

Keywords

acid black 1;dye adsorption;granular activated carbon adsorption;adsorption kinetics;adsorption equilibrium

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