DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Solid Bioenergy Properties of Paulownia tomentosa Grown in Korea

  • Qi, Yue (College of Forest and Environmental Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Yang, Chunmei (Research Institute of Wood Industry, Chinese Academy of Forestry) ;
  • Hidayat, Wahyu (College of Forest and Environmental Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Jang, Jae-Hyuk (College of Forest and Environmental Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Kim, Nam-Hun (College of Forest and Environmental Sciences, Kangwon National University)
  • Received : 2016.08.19
  • Accepted : 2016.10.12
  • Published : 2016.11.25

Abstract

Paulownia tomentosa is one of fast-growing wood species in Korea. In order to evaluate the solid bioenergy properties of Paulownia tree, this study examined the heating value, moisture content (MC), pH and proximate analysis of stem, branch, root, bark and leaf. The heating values of wood parts were slightly higher than those of bark and leaf, and that of branch was the highest among all the samples. The higher moisture content of bark and leaf referred to their lower heating value. Also, the pH of stem, branch and root was similar and lower than those of bark and leaf. The ash content of bark and leaf was much higher than that of wood parts, which is the one of the reasons for effect on the lower heating value and higher pH. While, the volatile matter content (VMC) of bark and leaf was lower than those of wood parts. The bark showed the highest fixed carbon content (FCC), while the FCC of stem was the lowest among all the samples. The obtained results are encouraging that the Paulownia tree could be totally utilized as alternative fuels for bioenergy production.

Keywords

solid bioenergy properties;fast-growing species;Paulownia tomentosa;whole tree utilization

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF)

References

  1. Akyildiz, M.H., Kol, H.S. 2010. Some technological properties and uses of paulownia (Paulownia tomentosa Steud.) wood. Journal of Environmental Biology 31: 351-355.
  2. Akhtari, M., Ghorbani-Kokandeh, M., Taghiyari, H.R. 2012. Mechanical properties of Paulownia fortuneri wood impregnated with silver, copper and zinc oxide nanoparticles. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 24: 507-511.
  3. Allen, L.H. 2000. Pitch control in pulp mills, in Pitch Control, Wood Resin and Deresination, E.L. Back and L.H. Allen (editors), TAPPI Press, Atlanta, Ch 11.
  4. Caparros, S., Diaz, M.J., Ariza, J., Lopez, F., Jimenez, L. 2008. New perspectives for Paulownia fortunei L. valorisation of the autohydrolysis and pulping processes. Bioresource Technology 99: 741-749. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2007.01.028
  5. Demirbas, A. 2003. Relationships between lignin contents and fixed carbon contents of biomass samples. Energy Conversion and Management 44: 1481-1486. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0196-8904(02)00168-1
  6. Ebeling, J.M., Jenkins, B.M. 1985. Physical and Chemical Properties of Biomass Fuels. American Society of Agricultural Engineers 28: 898-902. https://doi.org/10.13031/2013.32359
  7. Flynn, H., Holder, C. 2001. Useful wood of the world. Forest Products Society 2nd Ed, Madison, WI, p.618.
  8. Gravalos, I., Kateris, D., Xyradakis, P., Gialamas, T., Loutridis, S., Augousti, A., Georgiades, A., Tsiropoulos, Z. 2010. A study on calorific energy values of biomass residue pellets for heating purposes. In: forest engineering: meeting the needs of the society and the environment; FORMEC symposium, Padua, Italy.
  9. Kataki, R., Konwer, D. 2001. Fuelwood characteristics of some indigenous woody species of north-east India. Biomass and Bioenergy 20: 17-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(00)00060-X
  10. Kaltschmitt, M., Hartmann, H., Hofbauer, H. 2009. Energy from biomass. Fundamentals, techniques and procedures. 2nd ed. Springer, Berlin.
  11. Kumar, R., Chandrashekar, N., Pandey, K.K. 2009. Fuel properties and combustion characteristics of Lantana camara wood charcoal. Journal of Indian Academic Wood Science 10: 134-139.
  12. KS E 3707. 2011. Determination of calorific of coal and coke. Korean standards association.
  13. KS E ISO1171. 2012. Solid mineral fuels-Determination of ash content. Korean standards association.
  14. KS E ISO562. 2012. Hard coal and coke-Determination of volatile matter. Korean standards association.
  15. Poddar, S., Kamruzzaman, M., Sujan, S.M.A., Hossain, M., Jamal, M.S., Gafur, M.A., Khanam, M. 2014. Effect of compression pressure on lignocellulosic biomass pellet to improve fuel properties: Higher heating value. Fuel 131: 43-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.04.061
  16. Qi, Y., Jang, J.H., Hidayat, W., Lee, A.H., Lee, S.H., Chae, H.M., Kim, N.H. 2016. Carbonization of reaction wood from Paulownia tomentosa and Pinus densiflora branch woods. Wood Science and Technology pp. 1-15.
  17. Qi, Y., Jang, J.H., Hidayat, W., Lee, A.H., Kim, N.H. 2016. Anatomical characteristics of Paulownia tomentosa root wood. Journal of Korean wood science and technology 44(2): 157-165. https://doi.org/10.5658/WOOD.2016.44.2.157
  18. Read, D.W., Wong, P.Y., Eade, B.D. 1969. Determination of wood pH with indicators. Pulp Paper Can. 70(18): 80-85.
  19. Rhena, C., Ohmanb, M., Grefa, R., Wasterlunda, I. 2007. Effect of raw material composition in woody biomass pellets on combustion characteristics. Biomass and Bioenergy 31: 66-72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2006.06.016
  20. Saxena, R.C., Adhikari, D.K., Goyal, H.B. 2009. Biomass-based energy fuel through biochemical routes: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (13): 167-178.
  21. Senelwa, K., Sims, R.E.H. 1999. Fuel characteristics of short rotation forest biomass. Biomass and Bioenergy 17: 127-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0961-9534(99)00035-5
  22. Sithole, B. 2005. New method of measuring the pH of wood chips. Pulp and Paper Canada 106: 42-45.
  23. Standards and quality compliant of wood chips for fuel. 2013. National Institute of Forest Science 4: 1-16.
  24. Todaro, L., Rita, A., Cetera, P., D'Auria, M. 2015. Thermal treatment modifies the calorific value and ash content in some wood species. Fuel 140: 1-3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2014.09.060