Investigation of interface response of reinforced concrete columns retrofitted with composites

  • Achillopoulou, Dimitra V. (Reinforced Concrete Laboratory, Civil Engineering Department, Democritus University of Thrace (D.U.Th.)) ;
  • Kiziridou, Alexandra N. (Reinforced Concrete Laboratory, Civil Engineering Department, Democritus University of Thrace (D.U.Th.)) ;
  • Papachatzakis, Georgios A. (Reinforced Concrete Laboratory, Civil Engineering Department, Democritus University of Thrace (D.U.Th.)) ;
  • Karabinis, Athanasios I. (Reinforced Concrete Laboratory, Civil Engineering Department, Democritus University of Thrace (D.U.Th.))
  • Received : 2016.04.22
  • Accepted : 2016.11.24
  • Published : 2016.12.30


The current study focuses on the assessment and interface response of reinforced concrete elements with composite materials (carbon fiber reinforced polymers-CFRPs, glass fiber reinforced polymers-GFRPs, textile reinforced mortars-TRM's, near surface mounted bars-NSMs). A description of the transfer mechanisms from concrete elements to the strengthening materials is conducted through analytical models based on failure modes: plate end interfacial debonding and intermediate flexural crack induced interfacial debonding. A database of 55 in total reinforced concrete columns (scale 1:1) is assembled containing elements rehabilitated with various techniques (29 wrapped with CFRP's, 5 wrapped with GFRP's, 4 containing NSM and 4 strengthened with TRM). The failure modes are discussed together with the performance level of each technique as well as the efficiency level in terms of ductility and bearing/ bending capacity. The analytical models' results are in acceptable agreement with the experimental data and can predict the failure modes. Despite the heterogeneity of the elements contained in the aforementioned database the results are of high interest and point out the need to incorporate the analytical expressions in design codes in order to predict the failure mechanisms and the limit states of bearing capacities of each technique.


concrete column;retrofit;fiber reinforced polymers;interface;force transfer mechanism


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