- Volume 9 Issue 2
According to the disaster statistics issued by the Ministry of Public Safety and Security, traffic accidents, fire, collapses and others are classified into twenty-three (23) categories. In the past, disasters were mainly caused by the influence of nature, such as typhoon or drought. On the other hand, as society has become city-centered, social disasters' types, frequencies and scales are becoming more diversified and ever-increasing. However, there are no specific criteria and assessment methods that can measure degrees of social disasters-related risks objectively. Therefore, this study targeted traffic accidents, fire and collapses from major social disasters, utilized data that are related to occurrence rate, scale of casualties and scale of property loss in past eight years, and calculated the disaster risk index using the distance (Euclidean distance) between two points on the 3D spatial coordinates, in order to make the objective assessment by social disaster type possible. These results will enable the objective evaluation of risk index of major social disaster to be used as the foundational data when building the national disaster management system.
Social Disaster;risk;Disaster risk index;Disaster risk Analysis
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