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Genetic Diversity Analysis of South and East Asian Duck Populations Using Highly Polymorphic Microsatellite Markers

  • Seo, Dongwon (Division of Animal and Dairy Science, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Bhuiyan, Md. Shamsul Alam (Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Bangladesh Agricultural University) ;
  • Sultana, Hasina (Division of Animal and Dairy Science, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Heo, Jung Min (Division of Animal and Dairy Science, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Lee, Jun Heon (Division of Animal and Dairy Science, Chungnam National University)
  • Received : 2015.11.11
  • Accepted : 2016.01.14
  • Published : 2016.04.01

Abstract

Native duck populations have lower productivity, and have not been developed as much as commercials duck breeds. However, native ducks have more importance in terms of genetic diversity and potentially valuable economic traits. For this reason, population discriminable genetic markers are needed for conservation and development of native ducks. In this study, 24 highly polymorphic microsatellite (MS) markers were investigated using commercial ducks and native East and South Asian ducks. The average polymorphic information content (PIC) value for all MS markers was 0.584, indicating high discrimination power. All populations were discriminated using 14 highly polymorphic MS markers by genetic distance and phylogenetic analysis. The results indicated that there were close genetic relationships among populations. In the structure analysis, East Asian ducks shared more haplotypes with commercial ducks than South Asian ducks, and they had more independent haplotypes than others did. These results will provide useful information for genetic diversity studies in ducks and for the development of duck traceability systems in the market.

Keywords

Discrimination;Duck;Genetic Diversity;Microsatellite Marker

Acknowledgement

Grant : BK21플러스

Supported by : 충남대학교

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