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Association Analysis of Myosin Heavy-chain Genes mRNA Transcription with the Corresponding Proteins Expression of Longissimus Muscle in Growing Pigs

  • Men, X.M. (Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Deng, B. (Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Tao, X. (Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Qi, K.K. (Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Science) ;
  • Xu, Zi Wei (Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Science)
  • Received : 2015.03.24
  • Accepted : 2015.08.24
  • Published : 2016.04.01

Abstract

The goal of this work was to investigate the correlations between MyHC mRNA transcription and their corresponding protein expressions in porcine longissimus muscle (LM) during postnatal growth of pigs. Five DLY ($Duroc{\times}Landrace{\times}Yorkshire$) crossbred pigs were selected, slaughtered and sampled at postnatal 7, 30, 60, 120, and 180 days, respectively. Each muscle was subjected to quantity MyHCs protein contents through an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), to quantity myosin heavy-chains (MyHCs) mRNA abundances using real-time polymerase chain reaction. We calculated the proportion (%) of each MyHC to total of four MyHC for two levels, respectively. Moreover, the activities of several key energy metabolism enzymes were determined in LM. The result showed that mRNA transcription and protein expression of MyHC I, IIa, IIx and IIb in LM all presented some obvious changes with postnatal aging of pigs, especially at the early stage after birth, and their mRNA transcriptions were easy to be influenced than their protein expressions. The relative proportion of each MyHC mRNA was significantly positively related to that of its corresponding protein (p<0.01), and MyHC I mRNA proportion was positively correlated with creatine kinase (CK), succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), malate dehydrogenase (MDH) activities (p<0.05). These data suggested that MyHC mRNA transcription can be used to reflect MyHC expression, metabolism property and adaptive plasticity of porcine skeletal muscles, and MyHC mRNA composition could be a molecular index reflecting muscle fiber type characteristics.

Keywords

Myosin Heavy-chain;Myofiber Types;Gene Expression;Porcine Muscle

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Natural Science Foundation of China

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