Development and Evaluation of a Nursing Handoff Protocol for Intensive Care Units

중환자실 간호 인수인계 프로토콜의 개발 및 평가

  • Cho, Young Shin (Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Kosin University Gospel Hospital) ;
  • Kwon, Sun Ju (Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Kosin University Gospel Hospital) ;
  • Yun, Mi Young (Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Kosin University Gospel Hospital) ;
  • Lee, Mi Hwa (Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Kosin University Gospel Hospital) ;
  • An, So Hee (Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Kosin University Gospel Hospital) ;
  • Kong, Yu Jeong (Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Kosin University Gospel Hospital)
  • 조영신 (고신대학교 복음병원 외과계 중환자실) ;
  • 권선주 (고신대학교 복음병원 외과계 중환자실) ;
  • 윤미영 (고신대학교 복음병원 외과계 중환자실) ;
  • 이미화 (고신대학교 복음병원 외과계 중환자실) ;
  • 안소희 (고신대학교 복음병원 외과계 중환자실) ;
  • 공유정 (고신대학교 복음병원 외과계 중환자실)
  • Received : 2016.07.14
  • Accepted : 2016.09.22
  • Published : 2016.12.31


Purpose: This study aimed to develop a nursing handoff protocol for intensive care units and test its relevance. Methods: This is a methodological research to develop a protocol. A preliminary protocol was developed by composing items and testing content validity through literature review and experts' review. We revised and complemented the preliminary protocol following practical relevance assessment of 38 intensive care unit nurses at a university hospital to test content validity and to assess practical relevance of the final protocol. Results: On the basis of the content validity test for the final protocol, 40 items were adopted. The scores for the practical relevance of the final protocol increased significantly for items such as accuracy of handoff, reduction of handoff-related errors, convenience in using the protocol, reduction in handoff time, and simplification of handoff. Conclusions: The nursing handoff protocol for intensive care units in this study is expected to improve nursing performance with a standardized handoff in intensive care units, promote patient safety, and improve communication among the medical staff.


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