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Effects of Liquid Fertilizer of Portunus trituberculatus Foliar Application on the Proximate Components of Chubu Perilla frutescens Leaves

꽃게액비 엽면시비가 추부 들깻잎의 영양성분에 미치는 영향

  • An, Gap-Sun (Department of Horticultural Science Kongju National University) ;
  • Cho, Jun-Kwon (Department of Horticultural Science Kongju National University) ;
  • Ann, Seoung-Won (Department of Horticultural Science Kongju National University) ;
  • Jo, Hyun-Ju (East Coast Life Sciences Institute, Gangneung-Wonju National University)
  • 안갑선 (공주대학교 원예학과) ;
  • 조전권 (공주대학교 원예학과) ;
  • 안승원 (공주대학교 원예학과) ;
  • 조현주 (강릉원주대학교 동해안생명과학연구소)
  • Received : 2016.11.22
  • Accepted : 2016.11.28
  • Published : 2016.11.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of fertilizer application on the content of functional materials, such as fatty acids and organic acids in perilla leaves. (1) As compared to the controlled with Ammonium sulfate fertilizer, the yield of Perilla frutescens leaves increased by 7.3% and 12.8% of biomass at 2000 and 1000 times liquid respectively, but decreased by 7.6% at 500 times. The lipid and protein contents of perilla leaves were higher than those of Portunus trituberculatus liquid at 1000 times. The average contents of minerals (mg/100g) were as follows; K (638.4) > Ca (561.6) > P (145.4) > Mg (133.5) > Fe (36.2) > Zn (1.9) > Mn (1.6) > Na (1.4 mg). However, the correlation between the controlled with P. trituberculatus liquid was relatively low. (2) The fat-soluble vitamin E content of P. frutescens leaves was 3.4, 3.9, 3.3, and 3.9 mg in the controlled with liquid by 500, and 1000, 2000 times respectively; Vitamin A contents were 6.4, 8.9, 10.9, and 8.5 mg respectively, which was more than twice as much as the corresponding vitamin E content. The water soluble vitamin C contents were 177.9, 172.6, 195.2, and 163.5 mg respectively. (3) Amino acid contents of P. frutescens leaves in 100 g of fresh weight were 3821.7 mg in the controlled with Ammonium sulfate fertilizer and 3918.8, 4054.0, and 4005.4 mg in the controlled with P. trituberculatus liquid at 2,000, 1000, 500 times respectively. Amino acid contents of each controlled group with P. trituberculatus liquid above were as small as 2.5~6.1%, and these contents of amino acid were as follows: Glutaminic acid > Aspartic acid > Leucine > Arginine > Phenylalanine. In further study, it is necessary to develop an effective microorganism and a variety of amino acid fertilizer to supplement the study on new manufacturing.

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