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Characteristics of distribution and community structure of marcrobenthic Invertebrates caught in the coastal waters of middle East Sea, Korea

동해 중부해역 저서무척추동물의 분포특성 및 군집구조

  • YOON, Byoung-Sun (East Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Fisheries Science) ;
  • CHOI, Young-Min (Cetacean Fisheries Institute, National Institute of Fisheries Science) ;
  • SOHN, Myong-Ho (Jeju Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Fisheries Science) ;
  • KIM, Jong-Bin (East Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Fisheries Science) ;
  • YANG, Jae-Hyeong (East Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Fisheries Science) ;
  • PARK, Jeong-Ho (Fisheries Resources Management Division, National Institute of Fisheries Science)
  • 윤병선 (국립수산과학원 동해수산연구소) ;
  • 최영민 (국립수산과학원 고래연구센터) ;
  • 손명호 (국립수산과학원 제주수산연구소) ;
  • 김종빈 (국립수산과학원 동해수산연구소) ;
  • 양재형 (국립수산과학원 동해수산연구소) ;
  • 박정호 (국립수산과학원 연근해자원과)
  • Received : 2016.09.23
  • Accepted : 2016.11.29
  • Published : 2016.11.30

Abstract

This present study investigated characteristics of distribution and community structure of macrobenthic invertebrates through the survey of commercial Danish seine fisheries from 2011 to 2013. In this study, a total of 28 species were sampled with a mean density of $32,568ind./km^2$ and mean biomass of $1,649.5kg/km^2$. The dominant species, comprising over 1.0% of the total number of individuals, were Chionoecetes opilio ($11,203ind./km^2$, 34.4%), Pandalus eous ($9,247ind./km^2$, 28.4%), Ophiuridae spp. ($5,750ind./km^2$, 17.7%), Argis lar ($2,631ind./km^2$, 8.1%), Neocrangon communis ($994ind./km^2$, 3.1%), Berryteuthis magister ($612ind./km^2$, 1.9%), Sepiola birostrata ($499ind./km^2$, 1.5%) and Strongylocentrotidae sp. ($424ind./km^2$, 1.3%). The dominant species, in terms of biomass, comprising over 1.0% of the total biomass, were C. opilio ($1,167.2kg/km^2$, 70.8%), B. magister ($130.3kg/km^2$, 7.9%), P. eous ($102.4kg/km^2$, 6.2%), Ophiuridae spp. ($84.6kg/km^2$, 5.1%), Enteroctopus dofleini ($45.5kg/km^2$, 2.8%), A. lar ($35.7kg/km^2$, 2.2%), Strongylocentrotidae sp. ($25.0kg/km^2$, 1.5%) and S. birostrata ($22.1kg/km^2$, 1.3%). Among them, S. birostrata, E. dofleini, Strongylocentrotidae sp. and Ophiuridae spp. were higher abundance and biomass in the shallow water (<200 meters in depth), whereas C. opilio, P. eous, A. lar, N. communis and B. magister were higher in the deep water (301 ~ 500 meters in depth). As the results of cluster analysis and non-metric multidimensional scaling (nMDS) analysis based on the Bray-Curtis similarity of fourth root transformed data for number of species and individuals, the macrobenthic invertebrates community by Danish seine survey was divided into two groups of station in the shallow water (<200 meters in depth, Group A) and the deep water (201 ~ 500 meters in depth, Group B). The major individual-dominant species was S. birostrata, Ophiuridae spp. and immature C. opilio in group A. But Group B was P. eous, A. lar, B. magister and mature C. opilio.

Keywords

Danish seine fishery;Macrobenthic invertebrates;Community structure

Acknowledgement

Grant : 동해연안어업 및 환경생태조사

Supported by : 국립수산과학원

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