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A research on the Relationship between the Socio-economic Factors of the Regions and Suicidal Ideation of the Elderly -By utilizing the multi-level analyses-

지역의 사회·경제적 요인과 노인의 자살생각 간의 관련성 연구 -다수준 분석을 활용하여-

  • Choi, Kwang-Soo (Department Of Health Service Management, Woosuk University)
  • 최광수 (우석대학교 보건의료경영학과)
  • Received : 2016.08.31
  • Accepted : 2016.11.10
  • Published : 2016.11.30

Abstract

This research empirically analyzes, from an ecological perspective, whether socio-economic factors of the regions in which the elderly live have any actual influence on thoughts of suicide on the part of the elderly. Microscopic data either included outliers in part of the variables, including income and other variables of that type, from among source data from investigations into actual conditions of the elderly in 2014. Regarding macroscopic data, the indices that represent social and economic situations in each region, which were provided by KOSIS, were selected. Regarding the method of analysis, hierarchical or multi-level analysis models were applied by considering special hierarchical characteristics and heterogeneity at the personal and regional levels. The analyses showed that the following had statistically significant influences: 1. the cost-of-living index and the national basic supply and demand rate of the region; 2. the extent of natural disaster damage; and 3. the number of leisure and welfare facilities for the elderly, compared to the elderly population. Based on the results, proposals are made for systematic and practical endeavors in the community.

Keywords

Ecological Perspective;Multi-level Analysis;Socio-economic Factor;The Elderly suicidal Ideation

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