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Effects of Emergency Department Nurses' Emotional Labor on Professional Quality of Life -Focusing on Mediating Effects of Emotional Dissonance-

응급실 간호사의 감정노동이 전문직 삶의 질에 미치는 영향 -감정부조화의 매개효과를 중심으로-

  • Received : 2016.10.25
  • Accepted : 2016.11.10
  • Published : 2016.11.30

Abstract

The purpose of this descriptive survey study was to explore the effects of emotional labor on professional quality of life of emergency department nurses and to elucidate any mediating effects of emotional dissonance between emotional labor and professional quality of life. A total of 227 nurses, including general, charge, and head nurses, who have worked in an emergency department at university hospitals, general hospitals, and junior general hospitals located in Gyeongnam, Daegu and Gyeongbuk areas over a period of 6 months. Data were collected between December 12 and December 29 of 2015. We analyzed the data with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and three-step mediated regression analysis using SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. The average scores of emotional labor, compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue, burnout, and emotional dissonance were 4.50 out of 7.00, 31.62 out of 50.00, 29.48 out of 50.00, 29.27 out of 50.00, and 5.02 out of 7.00, respectively. Emotional labor had significant effects on compassion fatigue and burnout, showing explanatory power of 12% and 29%, respectively. Emotional dissonance had partial mediating effects in the relationship between emotional labor and compassion fatigue and complete mediating effects in the relationship between emotional labor and burnout. In summary, to improve the professional quality of life of nurses, it is necessary to develop effective strategies to minimize their emotional labor and emotional dissonance.

Keywords

Emergency Room;Emotional Dissonance;Emotional Labor;Nurses;Professional Quality of Life

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