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Health Conditions, Activities of Daily Living, Depression, Sleep, and Cognitive Functions of the Elderly at Care Facilities and Their Related Factors

요양시설 노인들의 건강상태, 일상생활수행능력, 우울, 수면과 인지기능정도와 관련요인

  • Received : 2016.09.30
  • Accepted : 2016.11.10
  • Published : 2016.11.30

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relations between the cognitive functions, health conditions, activities of daily living, depression and sleep states among the elderly at care facilities. The subjects include 204 elderly people aged 65. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and hierarchical multiple regression. The findings show that the cognitive functions of the elderly at care facilities are related to their engagement in regular exercise, duration of residency, grade of care, lack of physical freedom, listening ability, state of teeth, urinary incontinence, activities of daily living, and state of sleep. Their cognitive functions had positive correlations with activities of daily living and negative correlations with state of sleep. Their cognitive impairment was significantly influenced by their engagement in regular exercise, duration of residency, grade of care, listening ability, ADL, IAD dependency, and sleep disorder. In short, the cognitive functions of the elderly at care facilities are highly related to their health conditions as perceived and felt by them. It is thus required to develop, apply, and consistently assess and manage cognitive rehabilitation training programs to provide interventions for the factors that influence their cognitive impairment.

Keywords

Cognitive function;Cognitive impairment;Depression;Elderly;Sleep

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