Concept Analysis of Reality Shock in New Graduate Nurses

신규간호사의 현실충격 개념분석

  • 최명희 (강릉시 정신건강증진센터) ;
  • 이하나 (한중대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2016.10.04
  • Accepted : 2016.11.10
  • Published : 2016.11.30


This paper aims to understand the conceptual definition and the characteristics of reality shock in new graduate nurses. We analyzed the data using the hybrid model, initially introduced by Schwartz-Barcott and Kim. The data used in this study were collected from six recently graduated nurses who work in S-si and G-si. Another part of the data was obtained from literature review regarding Reality Shock. We categorized Reality Shocks in recently graduated nurses into nine attributes within a three-dimension model. The dimensions include "cognitive", "emotional", and "situational" domains. The cognitive domain is to be aware of the factor that causes Reality Shock. The emotional domain is the negative emotional responses that appear when facing a situation causing Reality Shock. The situational domain is the sort of circumstantial situations that cause Reality Shock. Reality Shock is defined as recently graduated nurses having several negative emotions, such as powerlessness, difficulty in peer relationships, confusion, and pressure due to (i) the differences between reality of nursing and what they have learned in school, (ii) the differences between an ideal situation and the real situation, (iii) the lack of expertise of senior nurses, (iv) a situation without the respect from colleagues, and (v) the overloaded role compare with the expectations. In conclusion, we provide a guideline for establishing a strategy to reduce Reality Shock in recently graduated nurses by identifying the concept of Reality Shock.


Concept analysis;Hybrid model;New graduate nurses;Reality shock;Graduate nurses


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