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Socioeconomic development, gender equity and birthrate's determinant: focused on the family axis' transformation model

사회경제적 발전, 양성평등 그리고 출산율의 결정요인 -가족 중심축의 수평화 2단계 모형을 중심으로-

  • Lee, Je-Sang (Department of Economics, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Song, Yoo-Mee (Department of Social Work, Daegu Cyber University)
  • 이제상 (경북대학교 경제학과) ;
  • 송유미 (대구사이버대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2016.10.04
  • Accepted : 2016.11.10
  • Published : 2016.11.30

Abstract

This purpose of this study is to present a new theoretical framework on birthrate recovery in advanced countries in the 21st century. As a result of socioeconomic development and individualism diffusion, the central axis of the family has transformed from the vertical axis of the father-son relation, to the horizontal axis of the husband-wife relation. This process is divided into 2 stages. In the industrialization stage, a nation or a society achieves equality of the individual in family formation, including marriage or divorce. In the post-industrialization stage, it accomplishes the couple equality in family maintenance, including child rearing and household labor. This paper grouped 33 OECD member countries as post- industrialization countries and 103 countries as industrialization countries. This study utilizes 6 variables affecting marriage and childbearing based on previous research. Research results find that during the industrialization stage, the birthrate falls as the education level of women is higher. In the post-industrialization stage, the birthrate rises as gender equality level is higher.

Keywords

Birth rate;family central axis;gender equity level;socioeconomic development;the education level of the women

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