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The Contribution of the S&T-Centered Research Universities on the Regional Innovation: Based on Mode 1 and Mode 2 Knowledge Performances

과학기술특성화대학의 지역혁신 연계성 분석: 모드 1과 모드 2 지식성과를 중심으로

  • Nha, Chie-Soo (Gwacheon National Science Museum, Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning) ;
  • Lee, Jung-Soo (Strategy & Planning Department, Korea Institute of Robot and Convergence) ;
  • Park, Jaemin (Department of Technology Management, College of Business, Konkuk University)
  • 나치수 (미래창조과학부 국립과천과학관) ;
  • 이정수 (한국로봇융합연구원 전략기획실) ;
  • 박재민 (건국대학교 기술경영학과)
  • Received : 2016.05.10
  • Accepted : 2016.11.10
  • Published : 2016.11.30

Abstract

The competition among nations has been extended to competition between localities, and the importance of knowledge activities in local areas is being emphasized. To contribute to the nurturing of highly qualified professionals and the development of local industry, the Korean government established the S&T-centric research universities including KAIST in 5 local areas. These S&T-centric research universities are top notch research centers and educational environments in Korea. However, it has been pointed out that their ability to act as local innovation hubs is limited. Accordingly, this study conducted an empirical analysis on the outcomes of the S&T-centric research universities by dividing them into two categories, Mode 1 and Mode 2, and comparing them with those of other general universities. It was found that the outcomes of the S&T-centric universities were higher in Mode 1, but lower in Mode 2, than those of the general universities. Furthermore, the S&T-centric universities are not connected very much to the region's specialized industries. It was difficult to find any evidence that the S&T-centric universities differ from the other universities in terms of their outcomes or activities as they were initially envisaged.

Keywords

The S&T-centric University;Regional Innovation;Mode 1 Outcomes;Mode 2 Outcomes;Specialization Index

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