The phenomenological study of self-management intervention among breast cancer survivors: Non-pharmacological approaches

유방암 생존자들의 자가관리에 대한 현상학적 연구: 비약물적 접근방법을 중심으로

  • Heo, Seok-Mo (Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Heo, Narae (Department of Nursing, Hansei University)
  • 허석모 (전북대학교 치의학전문대학원 치주과) ;
  • 허나래 (한세대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2016.09.29
  • Accepted : 2016.12.08
  • Published : 2016.12.31


The purpose of this study was to understand the essential structure and meaning of self-management intervention for breast cancer survivors by using non-pharmacological approaches. The study participants were 10 breast cancer survivors who were completing cancer treatment that involved surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Data collected between August 2014 and February 2015 at E Hospital in S city were analyzed by using Colaizzi's phenomenological method. Outcomes were classified into seven essential themes: 1) application of comfort measures to alleviate ongoing symptoms, 2) movement to change physical conditions, 3) special herbal intake to prevent recurrence, 4) a specially designed diet plan for health self-management, 5) constant awareness of complementary and alternative medicine, 6) unmet needs treated by one's own doctor's prescription, and 7) future life toward a nature-friendly environment. The study results contribute to a deeper understanding of self-management interventions in the daily lives of Korean breast cancer survivors. In addition, results provide an essential resource, based on actual self-management styles, that will help survivors to obtain guidance and participate in appropriate programs.


Breast cancer;Survivors;Self-management intervention;Phenomenological study;Non-pharmacological approaches


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