Convergence Study on the Related Risk Factors of Elderly's Suicidal Ideation Based on the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

제6기 1차년도 (2013) 국민건강영양조사로 추정한 노인의 자살생각 관련 요인에 관한 융합연구

  • Kim, Bog-Ja (Department of Nursing, Daegu University)
  • Received : 2016.09.25
  • Accepted : 2016.11.20
  • Published : 2016.11.28


The study was conducted to identify related risk factor of elderly's suicidal ideation. This study used a cross-sectional design with secondary analysis of the $6^{th}$ 2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Data for 1,201 elderlies who aged over 65 years old from the KNHANES were included. Suicidal ideation, general characteristics, physical health, psychological health, EuroQoL, and health behavior were measured. Chi-square test, t-test, and multiple logistic regression were used to analyze this data through the SPSS win 22.0 program. In the results, 7.7% of the elderly had suicidal ideation. The odds ratios of suicidal ideation were significantly higher among those with restriction of activity (OR=1.31, CI=1.40~3.82), those with depression (OR=4.44, CI=1.66~7.40), and those with high levels of stress (OR=9.24, CI=3.48~24.5). Therefore, the activity level, depression level, and stress level need to be regularly assessed in order to prevent suicidal ideation among the elderly.


Elderly;Suicidal ideation;Depression;Stress;Activity;Convergence


Supported by : 대구대학교


  1. Korea National Statistical Office. "2014 Death and the cause of death statistics", retrieved July 22, 2016, from 2015, September.
  2. S. H. Yoon, O. H. Kim, J. I. Kim, M. Y. Jang, S. O.Chae, S. Y. Choi, "Gerontological Nursing" pp.21., Soomoonsa, 2010.
  3. S. J. Lee, G. I. Jeong. "Meta-analysis of suicidalideation in elderly", Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society, Val. 18, No. 2, pp.1023-1033. 2016.
  4. K. Szanto, A. Gildengers, B. H. Mulsant, G. Brown,G. S. Alexopoulos, C. F. Reynolds. "Identification ofsuicidal behaviour in the elderly, Drugs & Aging",Val. 19, No. 1, pp.11-24, 2002.
  5. Y. Conwell, P. R. Duberstein, E. D. Caine. "Riskfactors far suicide in later life", Biological Psychiatry, Vol. 52, No. 3, pp.193-204, 2002.
  6. A. T. Beck, M. Kovacs, A. Weissman, "Assesment of suicide ideation: the scale for suicide ideation",Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol.47, No. 2, pp.343-352, 1979.
  7. K. Jo, Y. Kim "A phenomenological study on the restoration experience for suicide ideation of Korean elders", Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing,Vol. 38, No. 2, pp.258-269, 2008.
  8. M. H. Kim, H. S. Kim "A review on the risk factors for suicidal ideation among the Korean elderly(2000-2010)", The Korean Journal of Public Health, Vol. 48 No. 1, pp.23-34. 2011.
  9. H. K. Kim, S. H. Ko, S. H. Chung, "Suicidal ideation and risk factors among the elderly in Korea", Journal of Korean Academy of Public Health Nursing, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp.82-92, 2010.
  10. E. J. Kim, "A study on the effect of the transactional analysis group program for elderly suicide prevention", Journal of Welfare Counselling Education, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp.1-17, 2013.
  11. Y. R. Oh. "A study on the elders suicide prevention policy based on the social exclusion and inclusion in Japan, Korea Social Policy Review", Vol. 20, No. 1,pp.9-47, 2013.
  12. H. J. Kim. "The relationship among suicidal ideation and osteoarthritis in the elderly", Journal of the Korea Entertainment Industry Association, Vol.8, No. 4, pp.223-230, 2014.
  13. M. J. Kim, "Suicidal ideation of the elderly using the data from the 8th Korean welfare penal study", Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society, Vol.16, No. 5B, 2725-2737, 2014.
  14. J. S. Kim, S. J. Lee, "Effect of health-related characteristics on suicidal ideation in the elderly", Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society, Vol.15, No. 4B, pp.2055-2067. 2013.
  15. M. J. Park, "Suicidal ideation and affecting factors according to sex in elderly by using Korea health panel data 2010", Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp.1087-1099, 2015.
  16. A. Bonnewyn, A. Shah, K. Demyttenaere,"Suicidality and suicide in oid people", Reviews in Clinical Gerontology, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp.271-294,2009.
  17. H. J. Na, S. H. Bae, M. J. Kim, "Suicidal ideation in older adults with osteoarthritis : data from the Korea national health and nutrition examination survey", Journal of Muscle and Joint Health, Vol.22, No. 2, pp.138-147, 2015.
  18. H. L. Chan, C. Y. Liu, Y. L. Chau, C. M. Chang, "Prevalence and association of suicide ideation among Taiwanese elderly - a population-based cross-sectional study", Chang Gung Medical Journal, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp.197-204, 2011.
  19. S. S. Baek. "Factors affecting on suicidal ideation in the eldedy living alone", Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society", Vol. 18 No. 2B, pp.1011-1021, 2016.
  20. S. K. Kim. "Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in older adults: influences of chronic iIlness, functional limitations, and pain, Geriatric Nursing", Vol. 37, No. 1, pp.9-12, 2016.
  21. E. H. Jang, S. I. Nam, "The effect of the four major difficulties on suicide ideation among the elderly focusing on the mediating effect of depression", Journal of GerontologicaI Social welfare, Vol. 69, pp.123-151, 2015
  22. J. A. Sirey, M. L. Bruce, M. Carpenter, D. Booker, M. C. Reid, K. Newell, G. S. Alexopoulos. "Depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation among older adults receiving home delivered meaIs", International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol.23, No. 12, pp.1306-1311, 2008.
  23. H. A. Choi, D. S. Lee, Y. J. Kim. "Analysis on depession and suicidal ideation of Korean female adults - by using Korean nationaI health and nutrition examination survey", Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society, Vol. 13, No. 2. pp.709-720, 2011.
  24. J. D. Kwon, Y. J. Kim, T. Y. Um. "Suicidal ideation among older adults who live alone with care services : a moderating effect of aIcohol drinking in the reIationship between previous suicidal attempts and suicidal ideation", Journal of Gerontological Social welfare, Vol. 51, pp.297-320, 2011.
  25. Korea National Statistical Office. "2015 Population and Housing Census", retrieved October 11, 2016, from 2016, September.
  26. M. J. Kwon, "Convergence Study on the Relation between Cognition, Depression and Aggression in the Elderly", Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp.171-176, 2015.
  27. K. M. Kim, H. Y. Kim, "The systemic contemplation of sadness mediation program applied to internal senior citizens", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 13, No, 12, pp.391-400, 2015.
  28. H. S. Song, "A Study on the Relationship among Depression, Walking and Quality of Life for the Elderly, Focusing on the Moderation Effects of Walking", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, No. 8, pp.515-525, 2016.
  29. E. J. Seo, N. H. Cha, "The Relationships between Stress and ADL in Elderly Living Alone", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, NO. 7, pp.251-258, 2016.
  30. H. S. Kim, "A Comparative Study on Elderly Suicide Rates in Korea and the United States and Its Implications", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp.427-435, 2016.
  31. S. O. Shin. J. Park, "Converged Association Between Suicidal ideation and Neighborhood Environment Among Some Adolescents", Journal of the Korea Convergence Society, Vol. 6, No, 6, pp.271-277, 2015.
  32. I. K. Seo, S. H. Lee, "An Efficient Hospital Service Model of Hierarchical Property information classified Bioinformatics information of Patient", Journal of Convergence Society for SMB, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp.17-23, 2015.
  33. Y. S. Jeong, "A Study of An Efficient Clustering Processing Scheme of Patient Disease Information for Cloud Computing Environment", Journal of Convergence Society for SMB, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp.33-38, 2016.
  34. H. G. Koo, "A Study on Proposal to Develop Senior related Politics : Convergence Approach of both Age Norm and Hoping Activities", Journal of Digital Convergence, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp.101-110, 2016.