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Factors Related to Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge(TPACK) of College Instructors: Focusing on the Epistemological Beliefs and the Social Support

대학 교수자의 테크놀로지 내용교수지식(TPACK) 관련 요인: 인식론적 신념과 사회적 지지를 중심으로

  • Received : 2016.08.25
  • Accepted : 2016.11.20
  • Published : 2016.11.28

Abstract

Rapid growth of information and communication technology and changes in college student characteristics require for university instructors to diversify instructional improvement efforts. Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) is a capacity that instructors need to build for making instructional design based on consolidated technology. Accordingly this study explores instructors' awareness of the importance and performance of TPACK and to inquire into their relationships with epistemological beliefs and social support as relevant factors through a survey carried out with 264 instructors. The study has shown that there is a significant difference between college instructors' awareness of the importance of TPACK and their awareness of its performance. Furthermore, it has shown that the awareness of importance and performance of TPACK is significantly related to the social support, and that among the sub-factors of the social support, significant influences are observed from the emotional support on their awareness of the importance of TPACK and from the informational support on their awareness of the performance of TPACK. These results provide fundamental data for measures to develop and support TPACK capacity of college instructors, suggesting that it requires a teaching support strategy to enhance social support for instructors above all things.

Keywords

College education;Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge;TPACK;Epistemological beliefs;Social support

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