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Cultural Competency by Multicultural Experience of College Students

대학생의 다문화 경험에 따른 문화적 역량

  • Received : 2016.11.02
  • Accepted : 2016.12.09
  • Published : 2016.12.28

Abstract

In this study, we identified the components of cultural competency in college students according to their multicultural experiences. We collected the data from 663 college students located in Gyeonggi-do in September, 2016. Using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 version, we analyzed the data with descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANOVA. Our results are as follows. The average of cultural competency is 3.48 points, In the components of cultural competency, cultural awareness is highest at an average of 3.78 points, followed by cultural attitude which has an mean value of 3.73 points. Also, the cultural competency based on the multicultural experience, it is significantly higher when the subjects contact with multicultural people and take a class related to multiculture than the subjects who don't have those kind of experiences. This results indicate that it is necessary to develop various programs for college students' multicultural experiences, because those multicultural experiences improve students' cultural competency.

본 연구는 대학생들을 대상으로 다문화 경험에 따른 문화적 역량의 차이를 확인하여 대학생의 다문화 역량증진을 위한 프로그램 개발에 필요한 기초자료로 제공하기 위해 수행되었다. 연구대상은 대학생 663명으로 2016년 9월1일부터 30일까지 설문조사하였다. 연구결과 대상자의 문화적 역량은 평균 3.48점, 문화적 역량의 구성요소에서는 문화적 인식이 평균 3.78점으로 가장 높았고, 그 다음으로 문화적 태도는 평균 3.73점, 문화적 지식과 기술은 평균 2.92점의 순으로 나타났다. 대상자의 다문화 경험에 따른 문화적 역량은 다문화 사람들(외국인)과 접촉경험이 있는 경우, 다문화 사람들을 위한 봉사경험이 있는 경우, 다문화와 관련된 수업 경험이 있는 경우 등에서 경험이 없는 경우보다 문화적 역량이 유의하게 높은 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 교육적, 실제적 차원에서 대학생의 문화적 역량 증진을 위한 교육과정 개발 및 다문화 관련 프로그램 개발을 위한 기초자료로 제공할 수 있을 것이다.

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