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Perceptions of Medical Personnel toward Burnout using Q Methodology

의료인의 소진에 대한 지각: Q 방법론 적용

  • 윤은자 (건국대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 권영미 (경인여자대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 이영미 (부산가톨릭대학교 간호대학)
  • Received : 2015.11.09
  • Accepted : 2016.01.05
  • Published : 2016.01.31

Abstract

Purpose: This exploratory study was done to categorize medical personnel's perceptions of burnout and analyzed the characteristics. Methods: Q methodology was applied using a 45 Q-sample categorized on an 11-point scale which was completed by nurses and doctors working at a university hospital in Seoul, Korea. Collected data were analyzed using the PC-QUANL program. Results: Medical personnel's perceptions of burnout were categorized into three types; 33.83% of the total variance was explained. The first type was 'functionally deteriorating pressure' the second type was 'daily powerlessness' and the third was 'achievement-oriented re-energization'. Conclusion: There is a need to establish and apply intervention strategies for each type to alleviate medical personnel burnout and increase work efficiency to qualitatively improve medical services.

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