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Environment Assessing for Airborne Radioactive Particulate Release-introduction of Methods in IAEA Safety Report Series No.19

  • Meng, Dan (China Institute for Radiation Protection) ;
  • Yang, Liu (China Institute for Radiation Protection) ;
  • Shen, Fu (China Institute for Radiation Protection) ;
  • Yang, Yi (China Institute for Radiation Protection) ;
  • Ma, Yinghao (China Institute for Radiation Protection) ;
  • Ma, Tao (China Institute for Radiation Protection) ;
  • Zhang, Zhilong (China Institute for Radiation Protection) ;
  • Fu, Cuiming (China Institute for Radiation Protection)
  • Received : 2015.07.17
  • Accepted : 2016.09.26
  • Published : 2016.12.31

Abstract

Background: Airborne radioactive particulate in many important nuclear facilities (particularly nuclear power plants) will have a strong impact on the relative public dose if they are released into the corresponding environment traversing the stack or vents. The radiation protection researchers have regarded the relative environment assessing and estimation of public doses. And the model of assessing impact of discharges radioactive substance to the environment have been recommended by many international organizations (e.g. IAEA) with the nuclear energy safety and radiation protection. Materials and Methods: This paper introduced the generic models that were suggested by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), for use in assessing the impact of discharges of radioactive substances to the environment (e.g. IAEA Safety Report Series No.19). Results and Discussion: The writers of this paper, based on the recommend methods, assessed the discharge limits in some airborne radioactive substances discharging standards. The reasons that IAEA method are introduced are mainly the following considerations: IAEA is one of international organizations with some authorities in the nuclear energy safety and radiation protection; and, more important, the recommend modes are operational methods rather than the methods having little operations such as that have used by some researchers. Conclusion: It is wish that the introduced methods in this paper can be referenced in draft or revise of the standards related to discharges of radioactive substances to the environment.

References

  1. International Atomic Energy Agency. Generic models for use in assessing the impact of discharges of radioactive substances to the environment. IAEA Safety Report Series No. 19. 2001;160-164.
  2. International Atomic Energy Agency. Regulatory control of radioactive discharges to the environment. IAEA Safety guide No. Ws-G-2.3. 2000;170-186.
  3. International Commission on Radiological Protection. Human respiratory tract model for radiological protection. ICRP Publication 66. 1995;159-169.
  4. Delacroix D, Guerre JP, Leblanc P, Hickman C. Radionuclide and radiation protection data handbook. Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 2002; 98(1):108-155.
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  6. International Organization for Standardization. Sampling airborne radioactive materials from the stacks and ducts of nuclear facilities. ISO2889-2010. 2010;27-38.

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  1. Numerical Study of Long-Term Radioactivity Impact on Foodstuff for Accidental Release Using Atmospheric Dispersion Model pp.2191-4281, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13369-018-3518-2