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The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Communication and Adolescent Optimism on Conflict-Coping Styles

부모-자녀간 의사소통과 남녀 청소년의 낙관성이 갈등대처방식에 미치는 영향

  • Suh, Haein (Department of Child Development, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Shin, Nana (Department of Child Development, Ewha Womans University)
  • 서해인 (이화여자대학교 아동학과) ;
  • 신나나 (이화여자대학교 아동학과)
  • Received : 2016.08.31
  • Accepted : 2016.10.16
  • Published : 2016.10.31

Abstract

Objective: The main purpose of this study was to examine the direct and indirect effects of parent-adolescent communication (through adolescent optimism) on adolescent conflict-coping styles. Methods: A total of 337 high school students participated in this study. They completed questionnaires about communications with their parents and their own optimism and conflict-coping styles. Data were analyzed using t-tests, correlations, and SEM. Results: Neither father- nor mother-adolescent communication had direct effects on adolescent conflict-coping styles. However, mother-adolescent communication had an indirect effect on conflict-coping styles, mediated by adolescent optimism. Adolescents who had open communication with mothers displayed higher levels of optimism, which led to more positive conflict-coping styles. In addition, multigroup analyses revealed that there were significant gender differences in direct and indirect effects. For boys, mother-adolescent communication directly influenced adolescent conflict-coping styles; however, father-adolescent communication did not directly or indirectly affect adolescent conflict-coping styles. For girls, neither father- nor mother-adolescent communication had direct effects on conflict-coping styles; only optimism had a significant effect on conflict-coping styles. Conclusion: The findings from this study suggest that communication with mothers and fathers have different effects on adolescents' conflict-coping styles. These findings have implications for future research and practice by emphasizing the importance of parent-adolescent communication and optimism in designing conflict-coping programs for adolescents.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea

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