Two Newly Recorded Vorticellid Species (Ciliophora, Oligohymenophorea, Peritrichia) from Jindo Island with Other Populations in Korea

  • Kim, Ji Hye (Department of Biological Science, University of Ulsan) ;
  • Shin, Mann Kyoon (Department of Biological Science, University of Ulsan)
  • 투고 : 2016.11.07
  • 심사 : 2016.11.25
  • 발행 : 2016.12.31


Carchesium polypinum and Vorticella campanula were collected in freshwater ponds and reservoirs on Jindo Island and other places in Korea. These two vorticellids are newly recorded in Korea. The two species are described using live and silver impregnated cell observations, morphometry, line drawings, and microphotographs. Characterizations were based on the following diagnostic features: Carchesium polypinum was observed mainly as a funnel to fanshaped colony, basically dichotomous branching pattern, discontinuous spasmoneme, subconical shaped zooid, J shaped macronucleus, ventrally positioned single contractile vacuole, and pellicular striation with 61-80 rows between the peristomial lip and aboral ciliary wreath, and 18-30 rows between the aboral ciliary wreath and scopula. Vorticella campanula was conspicuously characterized by the broadly bulged peristomial lip, wide conical shaped zooid, J or S shaped macronucleus, ventrally positioned single contractile vacuole and pellicular striation with 64-75 rows between the peristomial lip and aboral ciliary wreath, and 27-41 rows between the aboral ciliary wreath and scopula. We provide redescriptions of two well-known vorticellids with detailed drawings and descriptions of oral ciliatures from Jindo Island and other places on the Korean peninsula.


연구 과제 주관 기관 : National Research Foundationof Korea (NRF)


  1. Corliss JO, 1979. The ciliated Protozoa: characterization, classfication and guide to the literature. 2nd revised ed. Pergamon Press Ltd., New York, pp. 1-455.
  2. Dias RJP, Cabral AF, Siqueira-Castro ICV, da Silva-Neto ID, D'Agosto M, 2010. Morphometric study of Brazilian strain of Carchesium polypinum (Ciliophora: Peritrichia) attached to Pomacea figulina (Mollusca: Gastropoda), with notes on a high infestation. Zoologia, 27:483-488.
  3. Ehrenberg CG, 1830. Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Organisation der Infusorien und ihrer Geographischen Verbreitung, besonders in Siberien. Abhandlungen der Akademie der Wissenchaften der DDR, year 1832:1-88.
  4. Ehrenberg CG, 1831. Uber die Entwickelung und Lebensdauer der Infusionsthiere; nebst ferneren Beitragen zu einer Vergleichung ihrer organischen Systeme. Abhandlungen der Koniglichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin, Physikalische Klasse, 1831:1-154.
  5. Ehrenberg CG, 1838. Die Infusionsthierchen als Vollkommene Organismen. Ein Blick in das tiefere organische Leben der Naur. Verlag von Leopold Voss, Leipzig, pp. 1-548.
  6. Esteban G, Fernandez-Galiano D, 1989. Morphology and morphogenesis in Carchesium polypinum (Ciliophora: Peritrichida). Transactions of the American Microscopic Society, 108:345-353.
  7. Foissner W, 1991. Basic light and scanning electron microscopic methods for taxonomic studies of ciliated protozoa. European Journal of Protistology, 27:313-330.
  8. Foissner W, Berger H, Kohmann F, 1992. Taxonomische und okologische Revision der Ciliaten des Saprobiensystems - Band II: Peritrichida, Heterotrichida, Odontostomtida. Informations berichte der Bayer. Landesamtes Wasserwirtschaft, 5:1-502.
  9. Foissner W, Blake N, Wolf K, Breiner HW, Stoeck T, 2009. Morphological and molecular characterization of some peritrichs (Ciliophora: Peritrichida) from tank bromeliads, including two new genera: Orborhabdostyla and Vorticellides. Acta Protozoologica, 48:291-319.
  10. Foissner W, Schiffmann H, 1974. Vergleichende Studien an argyrophilen Strukturen von vierzehn peritrichen Ciliaten. Protistologica, 10:489-508.
  11. Gentekaki E, Lynn DH, 2010. Evidence of cryptic speciation in Carchesium polypinum Linnaeus, 1758 (Ciliophora: Peritrichia) inferred from mitochondrial, nuclear, and molphological markers. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 57:508-519.
  12. Ji D, Kim JH, Shazib SUA, Sun P, Li L, Shin MK, 2015. Two new species of Zoothamnium (Ciliophora, Peritrichia) from Korea, with new observations of Z. parahentscheli Sun et al., 2009. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 62:505-518.
  13. Kahl A, 1935. Urtiere oder Protozoa I: Wimpertiere oder Ciliata (Infusoria) 4. Peritricha und Chonotricha. Tierwelt Deutschlands, 30:651-886.
  14. Linnaeus C, 1758. Systema Naturae Vol. I. 10th ed. Salvii, Holmiae, pp. 1-823.
  15. Lynn DH, 2008. The ciliated protozoa. Characterization, classification, and guide to the literature. 3rd ed. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 1-605.
  16. Lynn DH, Small EB, 2000. Phylum Ciliophora, Doflein, 1901. In: An illustrated guide to the protozoa (Eds., Lee J, Leedale G, Bradbury P). Vol. 1. Society of Protistologists, Lawrence, KS, pp. 371-656.
  17. Noland LE, Finley HE, 1931. Studies on the taxonomy of the genus Vorticella. Transactions of the American Microscopic Society, 50:81-123.
  18. Qi G, Shi X, 2008. Studys on the morphology and infraciliature of Vorticella campanula swimmer. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences, 36:9081-9082, 9112 (in Chinese with English summary).
  19. Shi X, Yu Y, Shen Y, 2001. Infraciliature and morphogenesis of Carchesium polypinum (Ciliophora: Peritrichia). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica, 47:13-18 (in Chinese with English summary).
  20. Shi X, Yu Y, Shen Y, 2003. Studies on the morphology and infraciliature of Vorticella campanula (Protozoa, Ciliophora, Peritrichida). Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica, 27:64-68 (in Chinese with English summary).
  21. Stein F, 1854. Die Infusionsthiere auf ihre Entwickelungsgeschichte untersucht. W. Engelmann, Leipzig, pp. 1-265.
  22. Sun P, Clamp J, Xu D, Kusuoka Y, Hori M, 2011. Molecular phylogeny of the family Vorticellidae (Ciliophora, Peritrichia) using combined datasets with a special emphasis on the three morphologically similar genera Carchesium, Epicarchesium and Apocarchesium. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 61:1001-1010.
  23. Warren A, 1986. A revision of the genus Vorticella (Ciliophora: Peritrichida). Bulletin of the British Museum Natural History (Zoology), 50:1-57.
  24. Wilbert N, 1975. Eine Vertesserte Technik der Protargolimpragnation fur Ciliaten. Microkosmos, 64:171-179.