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재외동포의 모국방문 경험과 초국가주의적 정체성 교섭: 전국체육대회 사례를 중심으로

Overseas Koreans' Return Visit and Transnational Identity Negotiation: A Case Study of the Korean National Sports Festival

  • 투고 : 2016.08.25
  • 심사 : 2016.10.20
  • 발행 : 2016.10.28

초록

이 연구는 전국체육대회 사례를 중심으로 재외동포의 모국방문 경험과 초국가주의적 정체성 교섭의 관계를 규명하는데 목적이 있다. 연구의 목적을 달성하기 위해서 2015년 제 96회 전국체육대회에 참가한 재외동포들 378명을 대상으로 자료를 수집하였으며, 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 재외동포의 전국체육대회 참가동기 중 사교, 정체성 유지 그리고 자아실현 추구가 높을수록, 전국체육대회에서 긍정적인 참가경험을 하며, 반대로 거주국에서 쌓인 스트레스 해소나, 자신의 거주국에서 하고 있는 사업을 위한 동기가 높을수록 그리고 정체성 유지를 위한 참가동기가 낮을수록, 부정적인 경험이 높다. 둘째, 관광, 거주국에서 쌓인 스트레스 해소 그리고 자신의 거주국에서 하고 있는 사업을 위한 참가동기가 높을수록, 현재 거주하는 국가의 정체성이 강하다. 반면에 정체성을 유지하기 위한 동기가 높을수록, 모국정체성이 강하다. 셋째, 재외동포들이 전국체육대회에서 부정적인 경험을 많이 할수록 현재 자신이 거주하는 국가의 정체성이 강하며, 반대로 전국체육대회에서 부정적인 경험을 적을수록 모국 정체성이 강하다.

키워드

재외동포;전국체육대회;참가동기;참가경험;모국 정체성;거주국 정체성

과제정보

연구 과제 주관 기관 : 한국연구재단

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