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부모방임이 청소년의 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향: 자아정체성과 삶의 만족도의 매개효과를 중심으로

The Effects of Parents' Neglect on Adolescents' School Adjustment: Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Self- Identity and Life Satisfaction

  • 송순만 (한세대학교 사회복지) ;
  • 백진아 (한세대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Song, Soon-Man (Graduate School of Social Welfare, Hansei Unversity) ;
  • Paik, Jina (Department of Social Welfare, Hansei Unversity)
  • 투고 : 2016.08.17
  • 심사 : 2016.10.20
  • 발행 : 2016.10.28

초록

본 연구는 부모방임이 청소년의 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향을 살펴보고 그 과정에서 자아정체성과 삶의 만족도의 매개효과를 검증하는데 그 목적이 있다. 이를 위해 한국아동 청소년패널 조사의 5차년도(2014) 자료를 활용하였고, 본 연구에 적합한 2,035명의 중학생을 대상으로 변수간의 위계분석과 경로분석을 실시하였다. 주요 분석 결과를 살펴보면. 첫째, 부모방임은 청소년의 자아정체성과 삶의 만족도 및 학교생활적응에 모두 부정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 청소년의 자아정체성과 삶의 만족도는 학교생활적응에 긍정적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인되었다. 셋째, 자아정체성과 삶의 만족도는 부모방임과 청소년의 학교생활적응 간에 부분매개 역할을 하는 것으로 확인되었다. 이러한 결과를 바탕으로 청소년의 자아정체성과 삶의 만족도, 학교생활적응을 향상시킬 수 있는 프로그램 개발의 필요성이 제시되었다.

키워드

부모방임;학교생활적응;자아정체성;삶의 만족도;매개효과

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